Potential health benefits of bread supplemented with defatted flaxseeds under dietary regimen in normal and type 2 diabetic subjects
Treść / Zawartość
Flaxseed is a rich source of dietary fi bers and lignans. Uncontrolled diabetes may induce complication represented by dyslipidemia, high oxidative stress and kidney dysfunction. In the present research the benefi cial effect of two months consumption of bread supplemented with defatted fl axseeds (DFB) together with dietary regimen was evaluated in normal and type 2 diabetic patients. Protective effect towards diabetic complications was studied through evaluation of plasma lipid profi le, lipid peroxidation, liver and kidney function. The nutritional status of normal and diabetic patients was evaluated through assessing body mass index and nutrients’ intake. Results showed reduction of body mass index in both normal and diabetic patients after nutritional intervention. Analysis of mean dietary intake of normal and diabetic patients in the beginning of the study revealed that all subjects were hyper- -caloric that reduced to be 79% and 84% from RDA, respectively after treatment. After two months of supplementation with DFB, diabetic patients showed signifi cant reduction of plasma glucose. Both diabetic patients and normal subjects showed signifi cant improvement in plasma lipid profi le and signifi cant reduction of lipid peroxidation. Consumption of DFB in addition of dietary regimen may be helpful in preventing diabetes and its complications.
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