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2006 | 08 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Songflight behaviour and mating system of the pipistrelle bat (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) in an urban habitat

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Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
The songflight and the territorial behaviour of courting male pipistrelles (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) were observed in an urban habitat of this bat species, in the city of Bayreuth in Bavaria. (1) Within the city limits, from the middle of July to the end of October but most intensively in September, the male bats occupied courtship territories averaging about 200 m in diameter. At night they patrolled these territories along regular flight routes emitting characteristic advertisement calls. By day they sheltered in crevices in buildings. (2) The courtship territories were densely distributed in the center of the inner city and rarer at the outskirts. As all known larger winter roosts as well as the ‘invasion centers’ (typical late summer swarming sites of this species) also were in the inner city, territories were situated around winter quarters, but not in the vicinity of the nursery roosts, which were lying at the edge of the city and outside it. (3) The males evidently arrange their courtship territories in such a way that as many females as possible pass through them when they inspect the winter roosts. That is, they are not defending resources important to the females; instead, they position their courtship territories near the resources the females require. As male territories are densely packed, the males offer a possibility for mate choice to the females, so that the mating system also bears some likeness to a lek.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
08
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.391-401,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
  • Rosenkavalierplatz 10, 81925 Munchen, Germany
Bibliografia
  • Ahlén, I. 1981. Identification of Scandinavian bats by their sounds. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Report, 6: 1-56.
  • Arnold, H., and J. Sachteleben. 1993. Die Fledermäuse im Raum Bayreuth. Bericht der Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft Bayreuth, 22: 173-212.
  • Barak, Y., and Y. Yom-Tov. 1991. The mating system of Pipistrellus kuhli (Microchiroptera) in Israel. Mammalia, 55: 285-292.
  • Barlow, K. E„ and G. Jones. 1997. Differences in songflight calls and social calls between two phonic types of vespertilionid bat Pipistrellus pipistrellus. Journal of Zoology (London), 241: 315-324.
  • Feyerabend, F., and M. Simon. 2000. Use of roosts and roost switching in a summer colony of 45 kHz phonic type pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber, 1774). Myotis, 38: 51-59.
  • Gerell, R., and K. Lundberg. 1985. Social organisation in the bat Pipistrellus pipistrellus. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 16: 177-184.
  • Grimmberger, E., and H. Bork. 1978. Untersuchungen zur Biologie, Ökologie und Populationsdynamik der Zwergfledermaus Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Schreber, 1774) in einer großen Population im Norden der DDR. Nyctalus (N.F.), 1: 55-73 and 122-136.
  • Grummt, M„ and J. Haensel 1966. Zum Problem der 'Invasionen' von Zwergfledermäusen Pipistrellus p. pipistrellus (Schreber, 1774). Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 31: 382-390.
  • Haensel, J. 1992. Weitere Mitteilungen zum saisonbedingten Quartierwechsel der Zwergfledermaus (.Pipistrellus pipistrellus). Nyctalus (N.F.), 4: 274-280.
  • Helversen, O. von, M. Esche, F. Kretzschmar, and M. Borchert. 1987. Die Fledermäuse Südbadens. Mitteilungen des badischen Landesvereins für Naturkunde und Naturschutz, 14: 409-475.
  • Höglund and Alatalo. 1995. Leks. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 248 p.
  • Húrka, L. 1988. Die Zwergfledermaus in Westböhmen. Folia Musei Rerum naturalium Bohemiae occidentalis, Zoologica, 27: 3-31.
  • Jones, G., and E. M. Barratt. 1999. Vespertilio pipistrellus Schreber, 1774 and V. pygmaeus Leach, 1825 (currently Pipistrellus pipistrellus and P. pygmaeus\ Mammalia, Chiroptera): proposed designation of neotypes, Case 3073. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 56: 182-186.
  • Jones, G., and S. M. van Parijs. 1993. Bimodal echolocation in pipistrelle bats: are cryptic species present? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 251: 119-125.
  • Lundberg, K. 1989. Social organisation and survival of the pipistrelle bat (Pipistrellus pipistrellus), and a comparison of advertisement behaviour in three polygynous bats. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Lund, Lund, 82 pp.
  • Lundberg, K„ and R. Gerell. 1986. Territorial advertisement and mate attraction in the bat Pipistrellus pipistrellus. Ethology, 71: 115-124.
  • Mayer, F., and O. von Helversen. 2001. Sympatric distribution of two cryptic bat species across Europe. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 74: 365-374.
  • O'Shea, T. J. 1980. Roosting, social organisation and the annual cycle in a Kenya population of the bat Pipistrellus nanus. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, 53: 171-195.
  • Sachteleben, J. 1991. Zum 'Invasions' — Verhalten der Zwergfledermaus (Pipistrellus pipistrellus). Nyctalus (N.F.), 4: 51-66.
  • Smit-Viergutz, J., and M. Simon 2000. Eine vergleichende Analyse des sommerlichen Schwärm- verhaltens der Zwergfledermaus (45 kHz Ruftyp, Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber, 1774) an den Invasionsorten und am Winterquartier. Myotis, 38: 69-89.
  • Swift, S. M. 1980. Activity patterns of pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) in northeast Scotland. Journal of Zoology (London), 190: 285-295.
  • Weid, R., and O. von Helversen. 1987. Ortungsrufe europäischer Fledermäuse beim Jagdflug im Freiland. Myotis, 25: 5-27.
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Bibliografia
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