Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2011 | 20 | 5 |

Tytuł artykułu

Estimation of environmental flows in semi-natural lowland rivers – the narew basin case study

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



This paper discusses a new environmental flow method based on the adapted building block approach. A four-step procedure is outlined in this paper: (1) selecting biota of interest and organizing a team of specialists (2) selecting river reaches of interest (3) defining flow requirements of selected biota (4) defining environmental flow indicators The focus is placed on two elements of river and wetland ecosystems: fish and floodplain wetland vegetation. The method is applied to identify changes in the environmental flow indicators between 1976-83 (“past”) and 2001-08 (“present”) in 16 selected river reaches of the Narew basin, a large semi-natural lowland catchment situated in northeastern Poland. The results indicate that hydrological conditions for fish and floodplain wetland vegetation were significantly better in the past period compared to the present.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 8BB, United Kingdom
  • Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Crowmarsh Gifford, Wallingford, Oxfordshire OX10 8BB, United Kingdom
  • Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
  • Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland
  • Department of Environment Protection Engineering, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Oczapowskiego 5, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland
  • Insitute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Hrabska 3, 05-090 Raszyn, Poland
  • Insitute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Hrabska 3, 05-090 Raszyn, Poland


  • 1. ACREMAN M.C., FERGUSON A.J.D. Environmental flows and the European Water Framework Directive. Freshwater Biology. 55, 32, 2010.
  • 2. WITOWSKI K., FILIPOWSKI A., GROMIEC M.J. Calculation of instream flow. Handbook. Instytut Meteorologii I Gospodarki Wodnej, Warsaw, Poland, 2008 [In Polish].
  • 3. RICHTER B. D., BAUMGARTNER J. V., POWELL J., BRAUN D. P. A Method for Assessing Hydrological Alteration within Ecosystems. Conserv. Biol., 10, 1163, 1996.
  • 4. NATIONAL WATER MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY. Project of the national water policy until 2030 (with intermediate phase 2016). 2010 [In Polish].
  • 5. KING J.M., THARME R.E., DE VILLIERS M.S. (Eds.). Environmental flow assessments for rivers: manual for the Building Block Methodology. Water Research Commission Report TT 131/00, Pretoria, South Africa, 2000.
  • 6. ACREMAN M.C., ALDRICK J., BINNIE C., BLACK A.R., COWX I., DAWSON F.H., DUNBAR M.J., EXTENCE C., HANNAFORD J., HARBY A., HOLMES N.T., JARRET N., OLD G., PEIRSON G., WEBB J., WOOD P.J. Environmental flows from dams; the Water Framework Directive Engineering Sustainability. 162, ESI, 13-22, 2009.
  • 7. NORRIS R.H., THOMAS M.C. What is river health? Freshwater Biol., 41, 197, 1999.
  • 8. MILLENIUM ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT. Ecosystems and human well-being. Island Press, Washington DC, USA, 2005.
  • 9. POFF N. L., ALLAN J. D., BAIN M. B., KARR J. R., PRESTEEGARD K. L., RICHTER B. D., SPARKS R. E., STROMBERG, J. C. The natural flow regime. Bioscience 47, 769, 1997.
  • 10. HILL M.T., BESCHTA R.L. Ecological and geomorphological concepts for instream and out-of-channel flow requirements. Rivers. 2, 198, 1991.
  • 11. JUNK W.J., BAYLEY P.B., SPARKS R.E. The flood pulse concept in river-floodplain systems. Can. J. Fisheries Aquat. Sci., 106, 110, 1989.
  • 12. ACREMAN M.C. Linking science and decision-making: features and experience from environmental river flow setting. Environ. Model. Software. 20, 99, 2005.
  • 13. THARME R. E. A global perspective on environmental flow assessment : emerging trends in the development and application of environmental flow methodologies for rivers. River Res. Appl., 19, 397, 2003.
  • 14. ACREMAN M.C., DUNBAR M.J. Methods for defining environmental river flow requirements – a review. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences. 8, 5, 861, 2004.
  • 15. SOUCHON Y., KEITH P. Freshwater fish habitat: science, management and conservation in France. Aquat. Ecosyst. Health Manage., 4, 401, 2001.
  • 16. KOSTRZEWA H. Validation of criteria and magnitude of instream flow for Polish rivers. Mat. Bad., Ser. Gospodarka Wodna i Ochrona Wod. IMGW Warsaw, Poland, 1977 [In Polish].
  • 17. RICHTER B. D., BAUMGARTNER J. V., WIGINGTON R., BRAUN D. P. How much water does a river need? Freshwater Biol., 37, 231, 1997.
  • 18. THARME R. E., KING J. M. Development of the building block methodology for instream flow assessments and supporting research on the effects of different magnitude flows on riverine ecosystems. Report to Water Research Commission, 576/1/98. Cape Town, South Africa, 1998.
  • 19. WATERS B.F. A methodology for evaluating the effect of different stream flows on salmonid habitat. In: Instream flow needs. Orsborne, J.F., Allman C.H. (Eds). American Fisheries Society, Bethseda, Maryland, USA, pp. 254-266, 1976.
  • 20. BOVEE K.D. A guide to stream habitat analysis using the IFIM. – US Fish and Wildlife Service Report FWS/OBS-82/26. Fort Collins, USA, 1982.
  • 21. PARASIEWICZ P., DUNBAR M. J. Physical Habitat Modelling for Fish: A developing approach. Arch. Hydrobiol. Suppl. 135, 239, 2001.
  • 22. GINOT V. EVHA A Windows software for fish habitat assessment in streams. Bull. Fr. Peche Piscic. 337/338/339, 303-308, 1995.
  • 23. KILLINGTVIET A, HARBY A. Multi Purpose Planning with the River System Simulator - a decision support system for water resources planning and operation. In: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Habitat Hydraulics, Norwegian Institute of Technology, Trondheim, 1994.
  • 24. GRELA J., STOCHLIŃSKI T. Application of the IFIM method for estimation of the instream flows. Aura. 8, 18, 2005 [In Polish].
  • 25. GIEŁCZEWSKI M. The Narew River Basin: A model for the sustainable management of agriculture, nature and water supply. Utrecht, the Netherlands, 2003.
  • 26. OKRUSZKO H. Wetlands of the Biebrza Valley, their value and future management. PAN, Warszawa: pp. 1-107, 1990.
  • 27. BANASZUK P., KAMOCKI A. Effects of climatic fluctuations and land-use changes on the hydrology of temperate fluviogenous mire. Ecological Engineering. 32, (2), 133, 2008.
  • 28. SZEWCZYK M., OŚWIECIMSKA-PIASKO Z., DEMBEK W., SIEDLECKI T. Species, vegetation types and habitats decisive of the biodiversity of the Upper Narew valley. Water, Environment, Rural Areas. 3, 1, (7), 89, 2003 [In Polish].
  • 29. ANON. Report on development of new metrics for the assessment of all European rivers including European historical diadromous fish species distribution. EFI+ project Deliverable 3.4. (, 2008.
  • 30. PINIEWSKI M., OKRUSZKO T. Multi-site calibration and validation of the hydrological component of SWAT in a large lowland catchment. In: SWIATEK D., OKRUSZKO T. (Eds.) Modelling of Hydrological Processes in the Narew Catchment. Geoplanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences. pp. 15-41, 2011.
  • 31. KUBRAK J., OKRUSZKO T., MIROSŁAW-ŚWIĄTEK D., KARDEL I. Recognition of Hydraulic Condition in the Upper Narew River System and Their Influence on the Wetland Habitats in the River Valley. Publs. Inst. Geophys. Pol. Acad. SC., E-5 387, 209, 2005.
  • 32. PENCZAK T., KOSZALIŃSKI H., BUCZYŃSKA M., JAKUCEWICZ H. Fish fauna of the Narew basin. Part 1. The Narew River. Rocz. Nauk. PZW 3, 81, 1990 [In Polish].
  • 33. PENCZAK T., MANN R.H.K., KOSZALIŃSKI H. PIETROWSKA M. Fish fauna of the Narew basin. Part 2. The Pisa River. Rocz. Nauk. PZW 3, 95, 1990 [In Polish].
  • 34. PENCZAK T., ZACZYŃSKI A., KOSZALIŃSKI H., GARLICKA W., UŁAŃSKA M., KOSZALIŃSKA M. Fish fauna of the Narew basin. Part 3. The Supraśl River. Rocz. Nauk. PZW 4, 65, 1991 [In Polish].
  • 35. PENCZAK T., ZACZYŃSKI A., KOSZALIŃSKI H., KOSZALIŃSKA M., UŁAŃSKA M. Fish fauna of the Narew basin. Part 4. Left-side tributaries of the Narew River. Rocz. Nauk. PZW 4, 83, 1991 [In Polish].
  • 36. PENCZAK T., KOSZALIŃSKI H., ZACZYŃSKI A., KOSZALIŃSKA M., UŁAŃSKA M. Fish fauna of the Narew basin. Part 5. Kurpiowska Plain rivers. Rocz. Nauk. PZW 5, 155, 1992 [In Polish].
  • 37. PENCZAK T., KOSZALIŃSKA M. Populations of dominant fish species in the Narew River under human impact. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 40, 59, 1993.
  • 38. KRUK A., LEK S., PARK Y-S., PENCZAK T. Fish assemblages in the large lowland Narew River system (Poland): Application of the self-organizing map algorithm. Ecol. Model. 203, 45, 2007.
  • 39. WITKOWSKI A. Structure of communities and biomass of ichthyofauna in the Biebrza river, its old river beds and affluents. Polish Ecological Studies 10, (3-4), 447, 1984.
  • 40. BALON E.K. Reproductive guilds of fishes: a proposal and definition. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 32, (6), 821, 1975.
  • 41. KING J.M., WARD K. A., O’CONNOR P., GREEN D., TONKIN Z., MAHONEY J. Adaptive management of an environmental watering event to enhance native fish spawning and recruitment. Freshwater Biology 55, (1), 15,2010.
  • 42. WEBB J.H., GIBBINS C.N., MOIR H., SOULSBY C. Flow requirements of spawning Atlantic salmon in an upland stream: Implications far water-resource management. Journal of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management 15, (1), 1, 2001.
  • 43. KONDOLF G.M., CADA G.F., SALE M.J. Assessing flushing flow requirements for brown trout spawning gravels in steep streams. Water Resources Bulletin 23, (5), 927, 1987.
  • 44. MIODUSZEWSKI W., HARDEJ M. Protection of wetlands as an element of water management in rural areas. In: Wetlands: Monitoring, Modelling and Management. OKRUSZKO T. et al. Eds. pp. 339-346, 2007.
  • 45. HEINK U., KOWARIK I. What are indicators? On the definition of indicators in ecology and environmental planning. Ecological Indicators 10, (3), 584, 2010.
  • 46. KAMARI J., ALCAMO J. BARLUND I. DUEL H., FARQUHARSON F., FLORKE M., FRY M., HOUGHTONCARR H., KABAT P., KALJONEN M., KOK K., MEIJER K.S., REKOLAINEN S., SENDZIMIR J., VARJOPURO R. VILLARS N. Envisioning the future of water in Europe – the SCENES project. E-Water [online] 3, 1-28, 2008.
  • 47. BANASZUK H. Paleogeography. Natural and anthropogenic transformation of the upper Narew valley. Wyd. Ekonomia i Środowisko, 1996 [In Polish].
  • 48. DĄBKOWSKI S.L., DEMBEK W., PIORKOWSKI H., OŚWIECIMSKA-PIASKO Z., SZEWCZYK M. Notes on wetland restoration problems in the Narew River valley. J. of Wat. Land Dev. 4, 33, 2000.
  • 49. DEMBEK W., SZEWCZYK M., KAMOCKI A. Response of riparian vegetation to the decrease of flooding: the Narew National Park, Poland. Water, Environment, Rural Areas. 4, 2b, (12), 225, 2004 [In Polish].
  • 50. MATUSZKIEWICZ A. Contemporary tendencies of transformations and threats of vegetation. [In:] BANASZUK H. (Ed.) The Biebrza Valley and the Biebrza National Park. Current state, values, threats and needs for active environmental protection. Białystok, pp. 432-436, 2004.
  • 51. MAKSYMIUK A., FURMAŃCZYK K., IGNAR S., KRUPA J., OKRUSZKO T. Analysis of climatic and hydrologic parameters variability in the Biebrza River basin. Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences. 41, 7, 59, 2008 [In Polish].

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.