Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2017 | 26 | 1 |

Tytuł artykułu

Bioaccumulation of PAHs in Padina boryana alga collected from a contaminated site on the Red Sea, Saudi Arabia

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



We used the brown alga Padina boryanawas to determine polyromantic hydrocarbons (PAHs) bioaccumulation at a Jeddah City seashore. We also measured PAHs in the coastal water and in algal tissues using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Acenaphthene (Ace) and dibenzo(a,h)anthrancene (dB(a,h)An) were the main PAHs in sea water (50.02 and 46.18 ng l⁻¹, respectively) and in algal tissues (64.67 and 72.45ng g⁻¹, respectively), respectively. The ratios of low molecular weight/high molecular weight hydrocarbons (1.76-1.44), fluoranthene/pyrene (1.57-1.52), and phenanthrene/anthracene (0.86-0.67) in seawater and algal tissues indicated the origin of PAHs to be mainly pyrogenic. The high concentrations of PAHs in algal tissues demonstrated the utility of using Padina boryana as a biomonitor of PAH contamination and bioavailability in the coastal waters.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Centre of Excellence in Environmental Studies (CEES), King Abdulaziz University, 21589 Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, 21526 El Shatby, Alexandria, Egypt


  • 1. HASSAN I.A., BASAHI J. Assessing roadside conditions and vehicular missions using roadside lettuce plants. Polish J. Environ. Studies, 22 (2), 75, 2013.
  • 2. AL MEELEBI T., ISMAIL I., BASAHI J., QARI H.A., HASSAN I.A. Hazardous of wastewater irrigation on quality attributes and contamination of citrus fruits. Bioscience Biotech. Research, 11 (1), 89, 2014.
  • 3. QARI A.H., HASSAN I.A. Removal of pollutants from wastewater using Dunaliella Algae. Biomedical Phrma. J., 7 (1), 147, 2014.
  • 4. SINAEI M., MASHINCHIAN A. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the coastal seawater, the surface sediment and Mudskipper Boleophthalmus dussumieri from coastal areas of the Persian Gulf: source investigation, composition pattern and spatial distribution. J Environ Health Sci Eng., 12, 59, 2014.
  • 5. OROS D.R., ROSS J.R. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in San Francisco Estuary sediments. Mar Chem., 86, 169, 2008.
  • 6. NEFF J.M. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the aquatic environment. Sources, fates and biological effects. Barking, Essex, UK: Applied Science. 262. 2008.
  • 7. YUNKER M.B., MACDONALD R.W., VINGARZAN R., MITCHELL R.H., GOYETTE D., SYLVESTRE S. PAHs in the Fraser River basin: a critical appraisal of PAH ratios as indicators of PAH source and composition. Org Geochem., 33, 489, 2012.
  • 8. TOLOSA I., STEPHEN J., MORA D., SCOTT W., VILLENEUVE J.-P., BARTOCCI J., CATTINI C. Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in marine biota and coastal sediments from the Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 50, 1619, 2009.
  • 9. LEÓN V., GARCÍA I. MARTÍNEZ-GÓMEZ C. CAMPILLO J.A. BENEDICTO J. Heterogeneous distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediments and red mullet along the Spanish Mediterranean coast. Marine Pollut. Bullt., 87 (1-2), 352, 2014.
  • 10. HYÖTYLÖINEN T., OIKARI A. Bioaccumulation of PAHs from creosote-contaminated sediment in a laboratory-exposed freshwater oligochaete, Lumbriculuc varigatus. Chemosphere, 57, 159, 2008.
  • 11. DUAN D., HUANG Y., CHENG H., RAN Y. Relationship of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with algae-derived organic matter in sediment cores from a subtropical region. J. Geophysical Res., 120 (11), 2243, 2015.
  • 12. AN-PING L., ZHANG-LI H., YUK-SHAN W. Bioconcentration and Metabolism of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) by Algae. Plant Science J., 23 (3), 291, 2008.
  • 13. MAGI E.R., BIANCO C., IANNI M., CARRO D.I. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the sediments of the Adriatic Sea. Environmental Pollution, 119, 91, 2012.
  • 14. AL-FARAWTI R.K., EL-MARADENY A., NIAZ G.R. Fecal sterols and phases in sewage polluted marine environment along the Eastern Red sea, south of Jeddah Saudi Arabia. Ind. J. Marine Sci., 38 (4), 404, 2009.
  • 15. KAFILZADEH F., SHIVA A.H., MALEKPOUR R. Determination of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Water and Sediments of the Kor River, Iran. Middle-East J.Sci Res., 10 (1), 01, 2011.
  • 16. YAP C.K., SHAHBAZI A., ZAKARIA M.P. Concentrations of Heavy Metals (Cu, Cd, Zn and Ni) and PAHs in Perna viridis Collected from Seaport and Non-seaport Waters in the Straits of Johore. Bulletin Env. Contam.,Toxic., 89 (6), 1205, 2102.
  • 17. ZAKARIA M.P., TAKADA H., HORINOUCHI A., TANABE S., ISMAIL A. Application of biomarkers for source identification of oil pollution in the Straits of Malacca, Malaysia. Environ Sci Technol. 34, 1189, 2010.
  • 18. ISOBE T., TAKADA H., KANAI M., TSUTSUMI S., ISOBE K.O., BOONYATUMANOND R., ZAKARIA M.P. Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and phenolic endocrine disrupting chemicals in South and Southeast Asian mussels. Environ Monitor Assess, 135, 423, 2007.
  • 19. Skarpheðinsdottir H., ERICSON G., SVAVARSSON J., NÆS K. DNA adducts and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) tissue levels in blue mussels (Mytilus spp.) from Nordic coastal sites. Mar Environ Res, 64, 479, 2007.
  • 20. BAUMARD P., BUDZINSKI H., GARRIGUES P., DIZER H., HANSEN P.D. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in recent sediments and mussels (Mytilus edulis) from the Western Batlic Sea: occurrence, bioavailability, and seasonal variations. Mar Environ Res., 47, 17, 1999.
  • 21. YAP C.K., MASHINSHIAN M.A., ISMAIL A., ZAKARIA M. Relationships and comparative studies of heavy metals and organic PAH compounds in the soft tissues Perna viridis. Res J Chem Environ., 14 (1), 56, 2010.
  • 22. MOHAMMED A.B., AL-TAEE M.M.S., HASSAN F.M. The study of some PAH compounds in Euphrates River sediment from Al-Hindiya Barrageto Al-Kifil city, Iraq. Scientific Conference, College of 4th Science, Babylon University. CSASC English Ver., 4, 216, 2009.
  • 23. QIU Y.W., G. ZHANG G.Q. LIU L.L. GUO X.D.L., WAI I.O. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the water column and sediment core of Deep Bay, South China. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sci., 83, 60, 2009.
  • 24. AHMED EL NEMR A., ABD-ALLAH A. M.A. Contamination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in microlayer and subsurface waters along Alexandria coast, Egypt. Chemosphere, 52: 1711 -1716, 2003. http://dx.doi.10.1016/S0045-6535(03)00300-X
  • 25. HARRISON R., ASLAM S., DANG J., BASAHI J., ALGHAMDI M., ISAMIL I., HASSAN I., KHODER M. Influence of petrochemical installations upon PAH concentrations at sites in Western Saudi Arabia. Atm. Pollut. Research
  • 26. HAIBA N., HASSAN I.A. Monitoring and assessment of PAHs in the atmosphere of Alexandria city, Egypt. Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds. http://dx.doi10.1080/10406638.2016.1200102.2016.
  • 27. HARITASH A.K., KAUSHIK C.P. Biodegradation aspects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs): A review. J. Haz. Mat., 169 (1-3), 1, 2009.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.