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2017 | 73 | 04 |
Tytuł artykułu

Occurrence of Enterococcus spp. in poultry in Poland based on 2014-2015 data

Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Bacteria of the genus Enterococcus are mainly commensals building natural microflora in the digestive tract of birds and mammals. They belong to the potentially pathogenic microorganisms. Among poultry, infections caused by enterococci were reported in chickens, turkeys, ducks and ostriches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of enterococci in poultry in Poland, including identification of enterococcus species composition and determination of the age of birds. The analysis was based on data obtained from 2014-2015 from Division of Avian Diseases at Warsaw University of Life Sciences-SGGW and four veterinary laboratories in Poland: Lab-Vet, Tarnowo Podgórne; SLW Biolab, Ostróda; Vetdiagnostica, Solec Kujawski; Vet-Lab Brudzew. Seven enterococcal species were isolated from broiler chickens (CB), commercial layers (CL), and broiler breeder flocks (BB), nine from all poultry types (chickens, turkey, ducks and geese). The most often isolated enterococci from CB were E. faecalis (57%) > E. cecorum (7%) > E. faecium (5.2%) > E. hirae (3.6%) > E. gallinarum (2.5%) > E. casseliflavus (0.7%) > E. durans (0.2%). Seven Enterococcus species were isolated from sources associated with poultry, most often E. faecalis > E. faecium > E. cecorum > E. hirae. The differences in the occurrence of particular enterococcal species were observed between CB, BB and CL. The mean age at the time of isolation of E. cecorum was approx.: 3.6 weeks in CB, 27.5 weeks in BB, 33.3 weeks in CL, 12.9 weeks in turkeys, 3.6 weeks in ducks, 39.5 weeks in geese. E. faecalis and E. faecium dominated in samples obtained from hatching eggs, dead-in-shell embryos and from samples related to poultry environment. In conclusion, this study indicates the high prevalence of bacteria of the Enterococcus genus in poultry. The present findings demonstrate the differences in Enterococcus species between poultry groups, including with regard to age. In total 10 enterococcal species (E. faecalis, E. cecorum, E. hirae, E. faecium, E. gallinarum, E. casseliflavus, E. durans, E. avium, E. thailandicus, E. aquimarinus) were detected in poultry, poultry environmental samples, hatching eggs and dead-in-shell embryos. Enterococcus faecalis and E. cecorum were found in all above-mentioned sources.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
73
Numer
04
Opis fizyczny
p.220-224,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159c St., 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
  • Vetdiagnostica, Otorowo 30, 86-050 Solec Kujawski, Poland
autor
  • Vetdiagnostica, Otorowo 30, 86-050 Solec Kujawski, Poland
  • Vet-Lab Brudzew, Turkowska 58c St., 62-720 Brudzew, Poland
autor
  • Vet-Lab Brudzew, Turkowska 58c St., 62-720 Brudzew, Poland
  • SLW Biolab, Grunwaldzka 62 St., 14-100 Ostroda, Poland
  • Lab-Vet, Okrężna 8 St., 62-080 Tarnowo Podgorne, Poland
  • Department of Pathology and Veterinary Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Nowoursynowska 159c St., 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
Bibliografia
  • Abe Y., Nakamura K., Yamada M., Yamamoto Y.: Encephalomalacia with Enterococcus durans infection in the brain stem and cerebral hemisphere in chicks in Japan. Avian Dis. 2006, 50, 139-141.
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  • Chadfield M. S., Bojesen A. M., Christensen J. P., Juul-Hansen J., Nielsen S. S., Bisgaard M.: Reproduction of sepsis and endocarditis by experimental infection of chickens with Streptococcus gallinaceus and Enterococcus hirae. Avian Pathol. 2005, 34, 238-247.
  • Chamanza R., Fabri T. H., van Veen L., Dwars R. M.: Enterococcus-associated encephalomalacia in one-week-old chicks. Vet. Rec. 1998, 143, 450-451.
  • Devriese L. A., Hommez J., Wijfels R., Haesebrouck F.: Composition of the enterococcal and streptococcal intestinal flora of poultry. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 1991, 71, 46-50.
  • Hayes J. R., English L. L., Carr L. E., Wagner D. D., Joseph S. W.: Multipleantibiotic resistance of Enterococcus spp. isolated from commercial poultry production environments. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2004, 70, 6005-6011.
  • Herdt De P., Defoort P., Steelant Van J., Swam H., Tanghe L., Goethem Van S., Vanrobaeys M.: Enterococcus cecorum osteomyelitis and arthritis in broiler chickens. Vlaams Diergen. Tijds. 2008, 78, 44-48.
  • Jackson C. R., Fedoka-Cray P. J., Barett J. B.: Use of a genus- and speciesspecific multiplex PCR for identication of enterococci. J. Clin. Microbiol. 2004, 42, 3558-3565.
  • Jung A., Teske L., Rautenschlein S.: Enterococcus cecorum infection in a racing pigeon. Avian Dis. 2014, 58, 654-658.
  • Kizerwetter-Świda M., Binek M.: Bacterial microflora of the chicken embryos and newly hatched chicken. J. Anim. Feed. Sci. 2008, 17, 224-232.
  • Landman W. J. M., Mekkes D. R., Chamanza R., Doornenbal P., Gruys E.: Arthropathic and amyloidogenic Enterococcus faecalis infections in brown layers: a study on infection routes. Avian Pathol. 1999, 28, 545-557.
  • Makrai L., Nemes C., Simon A., Ivanics E., Dudás Z., Fodor L., Glávits R.: Association of Enterococcus cecorum with vertebral osteomyelitis and spondylolisthesis in broiler parent chicks. Acta Vet. Hung. 2011, 59, 11-21.
  • Olsen R. H., Christensen H., Bisgaard M.: Transmission and genetic diversity of Enterococcus faecalis during hatch of broiler chicks. Vet. Microbiol. 2012, 160, 214-221.
  • Olsen R. H., Frantzen C., Christensen H., Bisgaard M.: An Investigation on First-Week Mortality in Layers. Avian Dis. 2012, 56, 51-57.
  • Stępień-Pyśniak D., Marek A., Banach T., Adaszek Ł., Pyzik E., Wilczyński J., Winiarczyk S.: Prevalence and antibiotic resistance of Enterococcus strains isolated from poultry. Acta Vet. Hung. 2016, 64, 148-163.
  • Tankson J. D., Thaxton J. P., Vizzier-Thaxton Y.: Bacteria in heart and lungs of young chicks. J. Appl. Microbiol. 2002, 92, 443-450.
  • Tankson J. D., Thaxton J. P., Vizzier-Thaxton Y.: Pulmonary Hypertension Syndrome in Broilers Caused by Enterococcus faecalis. Infect. Immun. 2001, 69, 6318-6322.
  • Velkers F. C., van de Graaf-Bloois L., Wagenaar J. A., Westendorp S. T., van Bergen M. A., Dwars R. M., Landman W. J.: Enterococcus hirae-associated endocarditis outbreaks in broiler flocks: clinical and pathological characteristics and molecular epidemiology. Vet. Q. 2011, 31, 3-17.
  • Wilczyński J., Wystalska D.: Lekowrażliwość bakterii izolowanych od chorych kurcząt brojlerów pochodzących z ferm zlokalizowanych w województwie wielkopolskim. Cz. II. Enterococcus spp. Polskie Drobiarstwo 2016, 2, 52-57.
  • Yoshimura H., Ishimaru M., Endoh Y. S., Kojima A.: Antimicrobial susceptibilities of enterococci isolated from faeces of broiler and layer chickens. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 2000, 31, 427-432.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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