PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2014 | 36 | 06 |
Tytuł artykułu

Raduced late-season leaf potassium and phosphorus levels influence decreases in sugar contents of bagged apple fruit

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Fruit bagging has been widely used in the fruit production industry; however, in apples, it is known to cause a significant decrease in fruit sugar contents. To address this issue and identify the changes in leaf mineral contents associated with fruit sugar levels in bagged apples, aqueous solutions of 10 g L⁻¹ CaCl₂,5gL⁻¹ KH₂PO₄, or 2gL⁻¹ Na₂B₄O₇‧10H₂O were foliar sprayed during four fruit developmental stages. The late-season leaf phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) contents after the rapid fruit growth period and the soluble sugar contents in ripening fruit were significantly lower in bagged fruit than in nonbagged fruit (11.1–15.09 %). The decreases in leaf P and K contents caused by bagging were almost completely compensated for by foliage applications of CaCl₂, KH₂PO₄, or Na₂B₄O₇ during the fruit set period. Therefore, the fruit soluble sugar contents were significantly higher in bagged ripening fruit with foliar spray than in bagged fruit without foliar sprays, reaching the levels of non-bagged apples. The decrease in the sugar contents of bagged apples was closely associated with the decrease in late-season leaf P and K levels caused by fruit bagging.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
36
Numer
06
Opis fizyczny
p.1577-1584,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute of Horticultural Plants, China Agricultural University, 100193 Beijing, China , Zhu
autor
  • Institute of Horticultural Plants, China Agricultural University, 100193 Beijing, China
autor
  • Institute of Horticultural Plants, China Agricultural University, 100193 Beijing, China
autor
  • Institute of Horticultural Plants, China Agricultural University, 100193 Beijing, China
autor
  • Changping Forestry and Landscaping Bureau, 102200 Beijing, China
autor
  • Institute of Horticultural Plants, China Agricultural University, 100193 Beijing, China
Bibliografia
  • Ahmed N, Abid M, Ahmad F, Ullah MA, Javaid Q, Ali MA (2011) Impact of boron fertilization on dry matter production and mineral constitution of irrigated cotton. Pak J Bot 43:2903–2910
  • Amarante C, Banks NH, Max S (2002a) Preharvest bagging improves packout and fruit quality of pears (Pyrus communis). NZ J Crop Hortic Sci 30:93–98
  • Amarante C, Banks NH, Max S (2002b) Effect of preharvest bagging on fruit quality and postharvest physiology of pears (Pyrus communis). NZ J Crop Hortic Sci 30:99–107
  • Bentley WJ, Viveros M (1992) Brown-bagging Granny Smith apples on trees stops codling moth damage. Calif Agric 46(4):30–32
  • Bizjak J, Weber N, Petkovsek MM, Slatnar A, Stampar F, Alam Z, Stich K, Halbwirth H, Veberic R (2013) Influence of phostrade Ca on color development and anthocyanin content of ‘Braeburn’ apple (Malus domestica Borkh). HortScience 48(2):193–199
  • Fallahi E, Colt WM, Baird CR, Fallahi B, Chun IJ (2001) Influence of nitrogen and bagging on fruit quality and mineral concentrations of ‘BC-2 Fuji’ apple. HortTechnology 11(3):462–466
  • Fischer RA, Hsiao TC (1968) Stomatal opening in isolated epidermal strips of vicia faba.II. responses to KCl concentration and the role of potassium absorption. Plant Physiol 43:1953–1958
  • Hofman PJ, Smith LG, Joyce DC, Johnson GI, Meiburg GF (1997) Bagging of mango (Mangifera indica cv. ‘Keitt’) fruit influences fruit quality and mineral composition. Postharvest Biol Technol 12:83–91
  • Hudina M, Stampar F, Orazem P, Petkovsek MM, Veberic R (2012) Phenolic compounds profile, carbohydrates and external fruit quality of the ‘Concorde’ pear (Pyrus communis L.) after bagging. Can. J Plant Sci 92(1):67–75
  • Huguet JG, Génard M (1995) Effets d’une contrainte hydrique sur le flux pédonculaire massique et la croissance de la pêche. Agronomie 15:97–107
  • Jafarpour M (2010) Effect of two potassium fertilizers with balanced requirement of other nutrients on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of apple fruit trees (‘Red Delicious’). Acta Hortic 877:229–234
  • Li GL, Su RY, Shen J (1987) Studies on the nutritional ranges in some deciduous fruit trees. Acta Hortic Sin 14:81–89
  • Li SH, Génard M, Bussi C, Huguet JG, Habib R, Besset J, Laurent R (2001) Fruit quality and leaf photosynthesis in response to microenvironment modification around individual fruit by covering the fruit with plastic in nectarine and peach trees. J Hortic Sci Biotechnol 76:61–69
  • Liu XM, Zhang FD, Zhang SQ, He XS, Wang RF, Feng ZB, Wang YJ (2005) Responses of peanut to Nano-calcium carbonate. Plant Nutr Fertil Sci 11(3):385–389
  • Lu YQ, Liu HP, Wang Y, Zhang XZ, Han ZH (2013) Synergistic roles of leaf boron and calcium during the growing season in affecting sugar and starch accumulation in ripening apple fruit. Acta Physiol Plant 8(8):2483–2492
  • Mishra DS, Tiwari JP, Misra KK, Lal S (2003) Effect of calcium nitrate and method of application on nutrient content of leaves and post-harvest quality of guava fruit. Sci Hortic 8:11–19
  • Morandi B, Manfrini L, Losciale P, Zibordi M, Grappadelli LC (2010) The positive effect of skin transpiration in peach fruit growth. J Plant Physiol 167:1033–1037
  • Nachtigall GR, Dechen AR (2007) DRIS norms for evaluating the nutritional state of apple tree. Sci Agric 64:282–287
  • Peng FT, Jiang YM (2006) Characteristics of N, P and K nutrition in different yield level apple orchards. Sci Agric Sin 39(2):361–367
  • Tehranifar A, Tabar SM (2009) Foliar application of potassium and boron during Pomegranate (Punica granatum) fruit development can improve fruit quality. Hortic Environ Biotechnol 50(3):1–6
  • Teixeira R, Boff MIC, Amarante CVTD, Steffens CA, Boff P (2011) Effects of fruit bagging on pests and diseases control and on quality and maturity of ‘Fuji Suprema’ apples. Bragantia 70(3):688–695
  • Wang SM, Gao HJ, Zhang XB (2002) Effect of bagging on pigment, sugar and acid development in ‘Red Fuji’ apple fruits. Acta Hortic Sin 29(3):263–265
  • Wang SM, Li B, Liu CL, Gao HJ, Sun Y (2007) Effect of fruit bagging on leaf net photosynthesis of ‘Royal Gala’ apple. Acta Hortic Sin 34(3): 543–548-(1)
  • Zhai H, Ren C, Li EM, Shi DC, Lin GY, Shu HR (2006) Influence of bagging on the structure of apple production investment as well as its resultant problem of shading. Acta Hortic Sin 33(4):921–926
  • Zhao DL, Oosterhuis DM, Bednarz CW (2001) Influence of potassium deficiency on photosynthesis, chlorophyll content, and chloroplast ultrastructure of cotton plants. Photosynthetica 39(1):103–109
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-04f70a48-208b-40e5-9d02-49a50b687ab6
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.