PL EN


Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2012 | 21 | 4 |
Tytuł artykułu

The effect of inulin on broiler chicken intestinal microflora, gut morphology, and performance

Autorzy
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of inulin on the intestinal microflora, gut morphology, and performance of broiler chickens. After sex identification, 168 male Ross 308 broilers were randomly allotted to 3 treatment groups with 4 replicates and fed for 42 days. Experimental treatments including 0%, 0.5%, or 1% inulin were used. The experimental diets were formulated based on maize-soyabean meal. The results showed that livability and body weight gain were better for broilers fed diets supplemented with inulin, but livability did not vary significantly among groups and the control. Live body weight on d 42 was significantly increased when the diets were supplemented with 1% inulin. Feed intake and feed conversion ratio were not affected in birds fed diets with supplements in comparison with the control group. Inulin inclusion had no effect on Bifidobacteria, Lactobacilli and E. coli counts in ileal contents, but significantly increased Bifidobacteria counts and decreased E. coli counts in caecal contents. With the exception of significantly increased villus height in the ileum, the morphological measurements of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum showed no response to dietary levels of inulin as compared with the control diet. In conclusion, the results from the current study suggest that feeding inulin may have a beneficial effect on intestinal microflora and morphology, and on the performance of broiler chickens.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
21
Numer
4
Opis fizyczny
p.725-734,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Animal Sciences, Bojnourd - Branch, Islamic Azad University, South 17 Shahrivar Street, 94176-97796 Bojnourd, North Khorasan, Iran
Bibliografia
  • Alzueta C., Rodriguez M.L., Ortiz L.T., Rebole A., Trevino J., 2010. Effects of inulin on growth performance, nutrient digestibility and metabolisable energy in broiler chickens. Brit. Poultry Sci. 51, 393-398
  • Biggs P., Parsons C.M., Fahey G.C., 2007. Effects of Several oligosaccharides on growth performance, nutrient digestibilities, and caecal microbial populations in young chicks. Poultry Sci. 86, 2327-2336
  • Bryant M.P., Burkey L.A., 1953. Cultural methods and some characteristics of some of the more numerouse groups of bacteria in the bovine rumen. J. Dairy Sci. 36, 205-217
  • Crittenden G.R., 1999. Prebiotics. In: G.W. Tannock (Editor). Probiotics; A Critical Review. Horizon Scientific Press. Norwich (New Zealand), pp. 141-156
  • Freed R.D., 1997. MSTAT-C with MGRAPH. Version 2.00. East Lansing, Michigan State University. MI (USA)
  • Gibson G.R., Probert H.M., Van Loo J., Rastall R.A., Roberfroid M.B., 2004. Dietary modulation of the human colonic microbiota: Updating the concept of prebiotics. Nutr. Res. Rev. 17, 259-275
  • Gibson G.R., Wang X., 1994. Bifidognic properties of different type of fructo-oligosaccharides. Food Microbiol. 11, 491-498
  • Guilloteau P., Martin L., Eeckhaut V., Ducatelle R., Zabielski R., Van Immerseel F., 2010. From the gut to the peripheral tissues: the multiple effects of butyrate. Nutr. Res. Rev. 23, 366-384
  • Józefiak D., Kaczmarek S., Rutkowski A., 2008. A note on the effects of selected prebiotics on the performance and ileal microbiota of broiler chickens. J. Anim. Feed Sci. 17, 392-397
  • Józefiak D., Rutkowski A., Martin S.A., 2004. Carbohydrate fermentation in the avian ceca - A review. Anim. Feed Sci. Tech. 113, 1-15
  • Munoa F.J., Pares R., 1988. Selective medium for isolation and enumeration of Bifidobacterium spp. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54, 1715-1718
  • Ortiz L.T., Oodriguez M.L., Alzueta C., Rebole A., Trevino J., 2009. Effect of inulin on growth performance, intestinal tract sizes, mineral retention and tibial bone mineralization in broiler chickens. Brit. Poultry Sci. 50, 325-332
  • Park S.O., Park B.S., 2011. Effect of dietary microencapsulated-inulin on carcass characteristics and growth performance in broiler chickens. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 10, 1342-1349
  • Rebolé A., Ortiz L.T., Rodríguez M.L., Alzueta C., Treviño J., Velasco S., 2010. Effects of inulin and enzyme complex, individually or in combination, on growth performance, intestinal microflora,
  • cecal fermentation characteristics, and jejunal histomorphology in broiler chickens fed a wheatand barley-based diet. Poultry Sci. 89, 276-278
  • Rehman H., Hellweg P., Taras D., Zentek J., 2008. Effects of dietary inulin on the intestinal short chain fatty acids and microbial ecology in broiler chickens as revealed by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Poultry Sci. 87, 783-789
  • Rosen G.D., 1995. Antibacterials in poultry and pig nutrition. In: R.J. Wallace, A. Chessn (Editors). Biotechnology in Animal Feeds and Feeding Press, pp. 143-172
  • Verdonk J.M.A.J., Shim S.B., 2005. Application of inulin-type fructans in animal feed and pet food. Brit. J. Nutr. 93, S125-S138
  • Xu Z.R., Hu C.H., Xia M.S., Zhan X.A., Wang M.D., 2003. Effects of dietary fructooligosaccharides on digestive e enzyme activities, intestinal microflora and morphology of male broilers. Poultry Sci. 82, 1030-1036
  • Yang Y., Iji P.A., Choct M., 2009. Dietary modulation of gut microflora in broiler chickens: a review of the role of six kinds of alternatives to in-feed antibiotics. World Poultry. Sci. J. 65, 97-114
  • Zentek J., Marquart B., Pietrzak T., Ballevre O., Rochat F., 2003. Dietary effects on bifidobacteria and Clostridium perfringens in the canine intestinal tract. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. 87, 397-407
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-04e4142d-0248-465c-9bde-2dbad999c45a
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.