Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2006 | 08 | 1 |

Tytuł artykułu

The sessile serotine: the influence of roost temperature on philopatry and reproductive phenology of Eptesicus serotinus (Schreber, 1774) (Mammalia: Chiroptera)

Warianty tytułu

Języki publikacji



Maternity colonies of serotine bats inhabiting large roof spaces were studied at three localities in southwestern Germany and Luxembourg. Bats of all three colonies returned to the maternity roosts during the second or third week of April, and were strongly philopatric to their main roost. Roost switching occurred only rarely and for short periods. Measurements of temperature inside two roosts showed gradients according to height and aspect of the roof space with a mean roost temperature of 22°C during gestation and lactation. The availability of adequate microclimates within the roost during gestation and lactation was thought to favour roost philopatry. Females of all ages and reproductive classes inhabit the roosts throughout summer. Mean (± SD) inferred gestation length was 52 ± 6 days, and variations were not related to roost temperatures during gestation. The mean date of birth was 16th June with most births occurring within a period of 14 ± 6 days and of young first emerged from the roost 36 ± 7 days after birth. Prolonged adverse weather conditions, leading to low roost temperatures, resulted in mortality of 11–27% of preweaning young in four of the five years studied. Since immigration occurs, the number of young emerging from the roost cannot be deduced from the number of females present during gestation or lactation. Adult females and young start to disperse after the first young are weaned at the beginning of August and are last observed in October. The implications of these results for the epidemiology of European bat lyssavirus 1 are discussed.

Słowa kluczowe








Opis fizyczny



  • ProChirop, Orscholzer Str.15, 66706 Perl-Kesslingen, Germany


  • Athias, M. 1920. Recherches sur les cellules interstitielles de l'ovaire des Cheiroptères. Archives de Biologie, 30: 89-212.
  • Audet, D., and B. Fenton. 1988. Heterothermy and the use of torpor by the bat Eptesicus fuscus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae): a field study. Physiological Zoology, 61: 197-204.
  • Baagøe, H. J. 2001. Eptesicus serotinus (Schreber, 1774) — Breitflügelfledermaus. Pp. 519-559, in Handbuch der Säugetiere Europas. Fiedertiere 1 (F. Krapp, ed.). Aula-Verlag, Wiebesheim, 602 pp.
  • Brigham, R. M. 1991. Flexibility in foraging and roosting behaviour by the big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 69: 117-121.
  • Brigham, R. M, and M. B. Fenton. 1986. The influence of roost closure on the roosting and foraging behaviour of Eptesicus fuscus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 64: 1128-1133.
  • Catto, C. M. C., P. A. Racey, and P. J. Stephenson. 1995. Activity patterns of the serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus) at a roost in southern England. Journal of Zoology (London), 235: 635-644.
  • Degn, H. J. 1983. Field activity of a colony of serotine bats (Eptesicus serotinus). Nyctalus (N.F.), 6: 521-530.
  • Entwistle, A. C., P. A. Racey, and J. R. Speakman. 1997. Social and population structure of a gleaning bat, Plecotus auritus. Journal of Zoology (London), 252: 11-17.
  • Feyerabend, F., and M. Simon. 2000. Use of roosts and roost switching in a summer colony of 45 kHz phonic type pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus Schreber, 1774). Myotis, 38: 51-59.
  • Gaillard, J.-M., M. Festa-Blanchet, and N. Gilles-Yoccoz. 1998. Population dynamics of large herbivores: variable recruitment with constant adult survival. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13: 58-63.
  • Glas, G. H. 1981. Activities of serotine bats (Eptesicus serotinus) in a nursing-roost. Myotis, 18-19: 164-167.
  • Greenwood, P. J. 1980. Mating systems, philopatry and dispersal in birds and mammals. Animal Behaviour, 28: 1140-1162.
  • Grindal, S. D., T. S. Collard, R. M. Brigham, and R. M. R. Barclay. 1992. The influence of precipitation on reproduction by Myotis bats in British Columbia. American Midland Naturalist, 128: 339-344.
  • Grinevitch, L., S. L. Holroyd, and R. M. R. Barclay. 1995. Sex differences in the use of daily torpor and foraging time by big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) during the reproductive season. Journal of Zoology (London), 235: 301-309.
  • Güttinger, R., A. Zahn, F. Krapp, and W. Schober. 2001. Myotis myotis (Borkhausen, 1797) — Großes Mausohr, Großmausohr. Pp. 123-207, in Handbuch der Säugetiere Europas. Fiedertiere I (F. Krapp, ed.). Aula-Verlag, Wiebelsheim, 602 pp.
  • Haensel, J. 1994. Zum Eintritt der Geschlechtsreife bei der Breitflügelfledermaus (Eptesicus serotinus) und zum Aufenthalt adulter Männchen in ihren Wochenstubengesellschaften. Nyctalus (N.F.), 5: 181-184.
  • Harbusch, C., E. Engel, and J. B. Pir. 2002. Die Fledermäuse Luxemburgs (Mammalia: Chiroptera). Ferrantia, 33: 1-156.
  • Havekost, H. 1960. Die Beringung der Breitflügelfledermaus (Eptesicus serotinus Schreber) im Oldenburger Land. Bonner zoologische Beiträge, 11: 222-233.
  • Hayssen, V. A., and A. van Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's patterns of mammalian reproduction. A compendium of species-specific data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1023 pp.
  • Hood, W., J. Bloss, and T. H. Kunz. 2002. Intrinsic and extrinsic sources of variation in size at birth and rates of postnatal growth in the big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Journal of Zoology (London), 258: 355-363.
  • Horáček, I. 1981. Comparative notes on the population structure in several European bat species. Myotis, 18-19: 48-53.
  • Hutson,A. M. 1991. Eptesicus serotinus. Pp. 112-116, in The handbook of British mammals, 3rd edition (C. B. Corbet and S. Harris, eds.). Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 558 pp.
  • Kervyn, T. 2001. Ecology and ethology of the sero- tine bat, Eptesicus serotinus (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae): perspectives for the conservation of bats. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium, 164 pp.
  • Kleiman, D. G. 1969. Maternal care, growth rate and development in the noctule (Nyctalus noctula), pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) and serotine (Eptesicus serotinus) bats. Journal of Zoology (London), 157: 187-211.
  • Kunz, T. H. 1974. Reproduction, growth, and mortality of the vespertilionid bat, Eptesicus fuscus, in Kansas. Journal of Mammalogy, 55: 1-13.
  • Kunz, T. H. 1987. Post-natal growth and energetics of suckling bats. Pp. 395-420, in Recent advances in the study of bats (M. B. Fenton , P. A. Racey, and J. M. V. Rayner, eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 470 pp.
  • Kunz, T. H. and W. R. Hood. 2000. Parental care and postnatal growth in Chiroptera. Pp. 415-468, in Reproductive biology of bats (E. G. Crichton and P. H. Krutzsch, eds.). Academic Press, London, 510 pp.
  • Labee, A. H., and A. M. Voůte. 1983. Voedselkeuze van een kolonie laatvliegers, Eptesicus serotinus (Schreber, 1774). Lutra, 26: 12-19.
  • Lausen, C., and R. M. Barclay. 2002. Roosting behaviour and roost selection of female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) roosting in rock crevices in southeastern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 80: 1069-1076.
  • Lausen, C„ and R. M. Barclay. 2003. Thermoregulation and roost selection by reproductive female big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) roosting in rock crevices. Journal of Zoology (London), 260: 235-244.
  • Lewis, S. E. 1995. Roost fidelity of bats: a review. Journal of Mammalogy, 76: 481-496.
  • Lubeley, S. 2003. Quartier- und Raumnutzungssystem einer synanthropen Fledermausart (Eptesicus serotinus) und seine Entstehung in der Ontogenese. Ph.D. Thesis, Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Germany, 167 pp.
  • McColl, K. A., N. Tordo, and A. Aguilar Setién. 2000. Bat lyssavirus infections. Revue Scienti- fique et Technique de l'Office International des Épizooties, 19: 177-196.
  • Messenger, S. L., C. E. Rupprecht, and J. S. Smith. 2003. Bats, emerging virus infections, and the rabies paradigm. Pp. 622-679, in Bat ecology (T. H. Kunz and M. B. Fenton, eds.). The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 779 pp.
  • Racey, P. A. 1973. Environmental factors affecting the length of gestation in heterothermic bats. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Supplement, 19: 175-189.
  • Racey, P. A. 1988. Reproductive assessment in bats. Pp. 31-45, in Ecological and behavioural methods for the study of bats (T. H. Kunz, ed.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., 533 pp.
  • Racey, P. A. 2000. Does legislation conserve and does research drive policy? The case of bats in the U.K. Pp. 159-173, in Priorities for the conservation of mammalian diversity. Has the Panda had its day? (A. Entwistle and N. Dunstone, eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 455 pp.
  • Racey, P. A., and A. C. Entwistle. 2000. Lifehistory and reproductive strategies of bats. Pp. 363-4l4, in Reproductive biology of bats (E. G Crichton and P. H. Krutzsch, eds.). Academic Press, London, 510 pp.
  • Racey, P. A., and S. M. Swift. 1981. Variations in gestation length in a colony of pipistrelle bats (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) from year to year. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 61: 123-129.
  • Ransome, R. 1973. Factors affecting the timing of births of the greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum). Periodicum Biologorum, 75: 169-175.
  • Rasweiler, J. J., and N. K. Badwaik. 2000. Anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive tract. Pp. 157-219, in Reproductive biology of bats (E. G. Crichton and P. H. Krutzsch, eds.). Academic Press, London, 510 pp.
  • Robinson, M. F. 1992. The behavioural ecology of the serotine bat. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, U.K., 211 pp.
  • Robinson, M. F., and R. E. Stebbings. 1997. Activity of the serotine bat, Eptesicus serotinus in England. Myotis, 35: 5-16.
  • Rudolph, B.-U. 2003. Breitflügelfledermaus, Eptesicus serotinus (Schreber, 1774). Pp. 305-313, in Fledermäuse in Bayern (Bayrisches Landesamt für Umweltschutz, ed.). Ulmer Verlag, Stuttgart, 410 pp.
  • Rydell, J. 1989. Feeding activity of the northern bat Eptesicus nilssoni during pregnancy and lactation. Oecologica, 80: 562-565.
  • Simon, M., S. Hüttenbügel, and J. Smit-Viergutz. 2004. Ökologie und Schutz von Fledermäusen in Dörfern und Städten. Schriftenreihe für Landschaftspflege und Naturschutz, 76: 1-275.
  • Tuttle, M. D., and D. Stevenson. 1982. Growth and survival of bats. Pp. 105-150, in Ecology of bats (T. H. Kunz, ed.). New York Plenum Press, 425 pp.
  • Webb, P. I., J. R. Speakman, and P. A. Racey. 1996. Population dynamics of a maternity colony of the pipistrelle bat (Pipistrellus pipistrellus) in northeast Scotland. Journal of Zoology (London), 240: 777-780.
  • Wilde, C. J., M. A. Kerr, C. H. Knight, and P. A. Racey. 1995. Lactation in vespertilionid bats. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, 67: 139-149.
  • Wilde, C. J., C. H. Knight, and P. A. Racey. 1999. Influence of torpor on milk protein composition and secretion in lactating bats. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 284: 35-41. Williams, L. M., and M. C. Brittingham. 1997. Selection of maternity roosts by big brown bats. Journal of Wildlife Management, 61: 359-368.

Typ dokumentu



Identyfikator YADDA

JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.