Preferencje help
Widoczny [Schowaj] Abstrakt
Liczba wyników
2009 | 11 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Use of underground hibernacula by the barbastelle (Barbastella barbastellus) outside the hibernation season

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
Barbastelles are commonly recorded in the vicinity of their wintering underground sites outside the hibernation season. It is uncertain why barbastelles visit hibernacula at this time of the year. Possible functions include feeding, resting, rearing of young, mating or stop-over sites during migration. To determine which of these functions are important I carried out observations at six large (max. 1,870 individuals) barbastelle hibernacula in SW Poland. To characterize daily and seasonal patterns of shelter use behaviour surveys were carried out at regular intervals throughout 2003 to 2005. Bats were mist-netted (73 nights) at hibernacula entrances and their age, sex and the development of caudae epidydimides in the males were determined. Their behaviour was sampled by recording (315 hours) their calls with a time-expansion bat detector in combination with direct observation and infrared fdming. Hibernacula were not used as colony roosts, foraging places, day resting places or temporary night shelters. The hibernacula served primarily as mating sites. Both females and sexually active males (with fully developed caudae epidydimides) were seen in the highest numbers in August/September, when display flights, chases of individuals, low frequency social calling and copulations were observed. As the number of bats visiting hibernacula in the mating period was much higher than that observed in winter, the underground shelters appear to be at least as important for them in the mating period as in the winter. Barbastelle hibernation sites should therefore be protected from the beginning of mating period (August) till the end of hibernation.
Słowa kluczowe
Opis fizyczny
  • Department of Avian Ecology, Institute of Zoology, Wroclaw University, Sienkiewicza 21, 50-335 Wroclaw, Poland
  • Altringham, J. D. 1996. Bats: biology and behaviour. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 262 pp.
  • Anthony, E. L. P. 1990. Age determination in bats. Pp. 47-58, in Ecological and behavioral methods for study of bats (T. H. Kunz, ed.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., 533 pp.
  • Barlow, K. E., and G. Jones. 1997. Function of pipistrelle social calls; field data and a playback experiment. Animal Behaviour, 53; 991-999.
  • Barataud, M. 2005. Relationship of Barbastella barbastellus (Schreber, 1774) sonar with its habitat and prey. Le Rhinolophe, 17: 87-100.
  • Bauerová, Z., and J. Zima. 1988. Seasonal changes in visits to a cave by bats. Folia Zoologica, 37: 97-111.
  • Berková, H., and J. Zukal. 2004. Seasonal changes in flight activity of bats at the entrance of the Kateřinská cave revealed by an automatic monitoring system. Vespertilio, 8: 45-54.
  • Červený, J. 1982. Results of investigation of bats (Chiroptera) at Loreta near Klatovy. Lynx, Praha, 21: 41-65.
  • Ciechanowski, M., R. Szkudlarek, I. Dudek, and K. Piksa. 2004. Activity of bats in the entrances to the underground roosts during non-hibernatory in Poland — preliminary review. Nietoperze, 5: 85-94.
  • Davis, W. H. 1964. Fall swarming at bats at Dixon cave, Kentucky. Bulletin of National Speleological Society, 26: 82-83.
  • Davis, W. H., and H. B. Hitchcock. 1965. Biology and migration of the bat, Myotis lucifugus, in New England. Journal of Mammalogy, 46: 296-313.
  • Dietz, M., and E. K. V. Kalko. 2006. Seasonal changes in daily torpor patterns of free-ranging female and male Daubenton’s bats (Myotis daubentonii). Journal of Comparative Physiology, 176B: 223-231.
  • Duffy, A. M., L. F. Lumsden, C. R. Caddle, R. R. Chick, and G. R. Newell. 2000. The efficacy of Anabat ultrasonic detectors and harp traps for surveying microchiropterans in south-eastern Australia. Acta Chiropterologica, 2: 127-144.
  • Entwistle, A. C., P., A. Racey, and J. R. Speakman. 1998. The reproductive cycle and determination of sexual maturity in male brown long-eared bats, Plecotus auritus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Journal of Zoology (London), 244: 63-70.
  • Fenton, M. B. 1969. Summer activity of Myotis lucifugus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) at hibernacula in Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 47: 597-602.
  • Furmankiewicz, J. 2005. Social calls and vocal activity of the brown long-eared bat Plecotus auritus in SW Poland. Le Rhinolophe, 17: 101-120.
  • Furmankiewicz, J., and J. Altringham. 2007. Genetic structure in a swarming brown long-eared bat (Plecotus auritus) population: evidence for mating at swarming sites. Conservation Genetics, 8: 913-923.
  • Furmankiewicz, J., and J. Górniak. 2002. Seasonal changes in number and diversity of bat species (Chiroptera) in the Stolec mine (SW Poland). Przyroda Sudetów Zachodnich, Supplement 2: 49-70.
  • Gaisler, J. 1973. Netting as a possible approach to study bat activity. Periodicun Biologorum (Zagreb), 75: 129-134.
  • Gaisler, J., V. Hanák, V. Hanzal, and V. Jarský. 2003. Výsledky kroužováni netopýrù v České republice a na Slovensku, 1948-2000. Vespertilio, 7: 3-61.
  • Gas, A., and T. Postawa. 2001. Bat fauna of the Studnisko Cave. Studia Chiropterologica, 2: 3-16.
  • Glover, A. M., and J. D. Altringham. 2008. Cave selection and use by swarming bat species. Biological Conservation, 141: 1493-1504.
  • Gottfried, I. 2008. Utilization of underground hibernacula by barbastelle Barbastella barbastellus off hibernation season. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Wrocław, Wroclaw, 127 pp.
  • Gottfried, I., and R. Szkudlarek. 2007. Off-winter activity of Barbastella barbastellus (Chiroptera) at a hibernation site. Nietoperze, 8: 13-25.
  • Hall, J. S., and F. J. Brenner. 1968. Summer netting of bats at a cave in Pennsylvania. Journal of Mammalogy, 49: 779-781.
  • Hanzal, V., and M. Průcha. 1996. Annual course of cave visitation by bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in the the Bohemian Karst (Czech Rapublic). Acta Societatis Zoologicae Bohemoslovacae, 60: 25-30.
  • Hebda, G., and A. Nowak. 2002. Winter colonies of bats in old fortification in Nysa (SW Poland). Przyroda Sudetów Zachodnich, Supplement, 2: 39-48.
  • Horáček, I., and J. Zima. 1978. Net-revealed cave visitation and cave-dwelling in european bats. Folia Zoologica, 27: 135-148.
  • Karlsson, B-L., J. Eklöf, and J. Rydell. 2002. No lunar phobia in swarming insectivorous bats (family: Vespertilionidae). Journal of Zoology (London), 256: 473-477.
  • Kerth G., A. Kiefer, C. Trappmann, and M. Weishaar. 2003. High gene diversity at swarming sites suggest hot spots for gene flow in the endangered Bechstein’s bat. Conservation Genetics, 4: 491-499.
  • Kokurewicz, T., and J. Bartmańska. 1992. Early sexual maturity in male Daubenton’s bats (Myotis daubentonii (Kuhl, 1819) (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae); field observations and histological studies on the genitalia. Myotis, 30: 95-107.
  • Lesiński, G. 1988. Species composition and number of bats in the Modlin forts in one year. Przegląd Zoologiczny, 4: 575-587.
  • Lesiński, G. 2006. The influence of anthropogenic changes in the landscape on the structure and functioning of bat ensembles in Poland. Wydawnictwo SGGW, Warszawa, 212 pp.
  • Lüpold, S., A. G. McElligott, and D. J. Hosken. 2004. Bat genitalia: allometry, variation and good genes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 83: 497-507.
  • Łupicki, D., R. Szkudlarek, P. Schick, and I. Dudek. 2001. The utilisation of underground objects by bats in ‘Nietoperek’ Reserves in autumn season. Nietoperze, 2: 93-101.
  • Miller, B. W. 2001. A method for determining relative activity of free flying bats using a new activity index for acoustic monitoring. Acta Chiropterologica, 3: 93-105.
  • Parsons, K. N., G. Jones, and F. Greenaway. 2003a. Swarming activity of temperate zone microchiropteran bats: effects of season, time of night and weather conditions. Journal of Zoology (London), 261: 1-8.
  • Parsons, K. N., G. Jones, I. Davidson-Watts, and F. Greenaway. 2003b. Swarming of bats at underground sites in Britain — implications for conservation. Biological Conservation, 111: 63-70.
  • Piksa, K. 2008. Swarming of Myotis mystacinus and other bat species at high elevation in the Tatra Mountains, southern Poland. Acta Chiropterologica, 10: 69-79.
  • Racey, P. A. 1974. Ageing and assessment of reproductive status of pipistrelle bats, Pipistrellus pipistrellus. Journal of Zoology (London), 173: 264—271.
  • Rachwald, A. 1992. Habitat preference and activity of the noctule bat Nyctalus noctula in the Białowieża Primeval Forest. Acta Theriologica, 37: 413-422.
  • Rivers, N. M., R. K. Butlin, and J. D. Altringham. 2005. Genetic population structure of Natterer’s bats explained by mating at swarming sites and philopatry. Molecular Ecology, 14: 4299-4312.
  • Rivers, N. M., R. K. Butlin, and J. D. Altringham. 2006. Autumn swarming behaviour of Natterer’s bats in the UK: population size, catchment area and dispersal. Biological Conservation, 127: 215-226.
  • Russo, D., L. Cistrone, G. Jones, and S. Mazzoleni. 2004. Roost selection by barbastelle bats (Barbastella barbastellus, Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) in beech woodlands of central Italy: consequences for conservation. Biological Conservation, 117: 73-81.
  • Rydell, J., and W. Bogdanowicz. 1997. Barbastella barbastellus. Mammalian Species, 557: 1-8.
  • Schowalter, D. B. 1980. Swarming, reproduction, and early hibernation of Myotis lucifugus and M. volans in Alberta, Canada. Journal of Mammalogy, 61: 350-354.
  • Serra-Cobo, J., V. Sanz-Trullén, and J. R Martinez-Rica. 1998. Migratory movements of Miniopterus schreibersii in the north-east of Spain. Acta Theriologica, 43: 271-283.
  • Speakman, J. R., and P. A. Racey. 1986. The influence of body condition on sexual development of male brown long-eared bats (Plecotus auritus) in the wild. Journal of Zoology (London), 210: 515-525.
  • Steffens, R., U. Zöphel, and D. Brockmann. 2004. 40 Jahre Fledermaus-markierungszentrale Dresden — methodische Hinweise und Ergebnisübersicht. Materialien zur Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege. Sächsisches Landesamt für Umwelt und Geologie, Freistaat Sachsen, 126 pp.
  • Szkudlarek, R., R. Paszkiewicz, G. Hebda, T. Gottfried, M. Cieślak, A. Mika, and A. Ruszlewicz. 2002. Atlas of bat distribution in south-western Poland — winter sites from years 1982-2002. Nietoperze, 3: 197-235.
  • Veith, M., N. Beer, A. Kiefer, J. Johannesen, and A. Seitz. 2004. The role of swarming sites for maintaining gene flow in the brown long-eared bat (Plecotus auritus). Heredity, 93: 342-349.
  • Whitaker, J. O., Jr. 1998. Life history and roost switching in six summer colonies of eastern pipistrelles in buildings. Journal of Mammalogy, 79: 651-659.
Typ dokumentu
Identyfikator YADDA
JavaScript jest wyłączony w Twojej przeglądarce internetowej. Włącz go, a następnie odśwież stronę, aby móc w pełni z niej korzystać.