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2013 | 35 | 04 |

Tytuł artykułu

Drought stress induces oxidative stress and the antioxidant defense system in ascorbate-deficient vtc1 mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana

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Drought stress has a negative impact on plant cells and results in the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). To increase our understanding of the effects of drought stress on antioxidant processes, we investigated the response of the ascorbate-deficient Arabidopsis thaliana vtc1 mutant to drought stress. After drought stress, vtc1 mutants exhibited increases in several oxidative parameters, including H2O2 content and the production of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances. Decreases in chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters were also observed. The vtc1 mutants had higher total glutathione than did wild-type (WT) plants after 48 h of drought stress. A reduced ratio of glutathione/total glutathione and an increased ratio of dehydroascorbate/total ascorbate were observed in the vtc1 mutants compared with the WT plants. In addition, the activities of enzymes that are responsible for ROS scavenging, including superoxide dismutase, catalase, and ascorbate peroxidase, were decreased in the vtc1 mutants compared with the WT plants. Similar reductions in activity in the vtc1 mutant were observed for the enzymes that are responsible for the regeneration of ascorbate and glutathione, including monodehydroascorbate reductase, dehydroascorbate reductase, and glutathione reductase. These results suggest that low intrinsic ascorbate and impaired ascorbate–glutathione cycling in the vtc1 mutant induced a decrease in the reduced form of ascorbate, which enhanced sensitivity to drought stress.

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  • Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China
  • Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Aridland Crop Science, Gansu Key Laboratory of Crop Improvement and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Agronomy, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, Gansu, China 123
  • Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Aridland Crop Science, Gansu Key Laboratory of Crop Improvement and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Agronomy, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, Gansu, China 123
  • Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Aridland Crop Science, Gansu Key Laboratory of Crop Improvement and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Agronomy, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, Gansu, China 123
  • Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China
  • Key Laboratory of Cell Activities and Stress Adaptations, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China


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