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2009 | 11 | 1 |
Tytuł artykułu

Host-parasite interactions of tropical bats in Puerto Rico

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Bats are receiving increasing attention in the parasitological world due to their potential role as reservoir hosts for zoonotic pathogens. However, details of the macroparasitic fauna (helminths and ectoparasites) are currently recorded and studied. Here, we start to address this paucity of data by detailing a study where we have documented the macroparasite fauna of a sample of tropical bats (Mormoops blainvillei, Pteronotus quadridens, and Monophyllus redmani) from Puerto Rico. Additionally, we investigated the possible host characteristics influencing the prevalence and intensity of macroparasite infection. Macroparasites were collected and identified from three species of bat, which were thoroughly washed and dissected. The overall parasite community of all three bat species consisted of a range of ectoparasites as well as the cestode Vampirolepis christensoni and the nematode Capillaria pusilla, although there was considerable variation in the parasite community of each individual species. We discovered bat flies of a previously undescribed species of the Nycterophilia genus as well as new parasite records for all three species of bats. All parasites had an aggregated distribution within the host population. Differences were observed in the intensity of the helminths between bat species, but not for ectoparasite prevalence. As the helminth intensity increased so the ectoparasite intensity decreased. Overall, the helminth intensity was female-biased and increased, for both sexes with increasing body mass; no sex-bias or body mass effects were associated with ectoparasite prevalence.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
11
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.157-162,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, 208 Mueller Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
autor
  • Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, 208 Mueller Laboratory, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
autor
  • Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, Altoona College, Altoona, PA 16601, USA
Bibliografia
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  • Benwtich, Z., G. Maartens, D. Tortens, A. A. Lal, and R. B. Lal. 2000. Concurrent infections and HIV pathogenesis. AIDS, 14: 2071-2081.
  • Calisher, C. H., J. E. Childs, H. E. Field, K. V. Holmes, and T. Schountz. 2006. Bats: important reservoir hosts of emerging viruses. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 19: 531-545.
  • Christensen, N. O., P. Nansen, B. O. Fagbemi, and J. Monrad. 1987. Heterologous antagonistic and synergistic interactions between helminths and between helminths and protozoans in concurrent experimental infection of mammalian hosts. Parasitological Research, 73: 387-410.
  • Cox, F. E. G. 2001. Concomitant infections, parasites and immune responses. Parasitology, 122: 23-S38.
  • Dobson, A., and M. Meagher. 1996. The population dynamics of brucellosis in the Yellowstone National Park. Ecology, 77: 1026-1036.
  • Festa-Bianchet, M. 1989. Individual differences, parasites and the costs of reproduction for bighorn ewes (Ovis canaensis). Journal of Animal Ecology, 58: 755-795.
  • Gannon, M. R., and M. R. Willig. 1995. Ecology of ectoparasites from tropical bats. Environmental Entomology, 24: 1495-1503.
  • Gannon, M. R., A. Kurta, M. Rodríguez-Durán, and M. R. Willig. 2005. Bats of Puerto Rico: an island focus and a Caribbean perspective. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, 239 pp.
  • Homan, J. A., and J. K. Jones. 1975. Monophyllus redmani. Mammalian Species, 57: 1-3.
  • Lancaster, W. C., and E. K. C. Kalko. 1996. Mormoops blainvillii. Mammalian Species, 544: 1-5.
  • Moore, S. L., and K. Wilson. 2002. Parasites as a viability cost of sexual selection in natural populations of mammals. Science, 297: 2015-2018.
  • Perkins, S. E., I. M. Cattadori, V. Tagliapietra, A. P. Rizzoli, and P. J. Hudson. 2003. Empirical evidence for key hosts in persistence of a tick-borne disease. International Journal for Parasitology, 33: 909-917.
  • Peterson, R. V., and K. Hůrka. 1974. Ten new species of bat flies of the genus Trichobius (Diptera: Streblidae). Canadian Entomologist, 106: 1049-1066.
  • Rodríguez-Durán, A. 1998. Nonrandom aggregations and distribution of cave-dwelling bats in Puerto Rico. Journal of Mammology, 79: 141-146.
  • Rodríguez-Durán, A., and T. H. Kunz. 1992. Pteronotus quadridens. Mammalian Species, 395: 1-4.
  • Shaw, D. J., B. T. Grenfell, and A. P. Dobson. 1998. Patterns of macroparasite aggregation in wildlife host populations. Parasitology, 117: 597-610.
  • Silva-Taboada, G. 1977. Algunos aspectos de la seleccion de habitat en el murcielago Phyllonycteris poeyi Gundlach en Peters 1861 (Mammalia: Chiroptera). Poeyana, 168: 1-10. [in Spanish].
  • Silva-Taboada, G. 1979. Los murciélagos de Cuba. Académia de Ciencias de Cuba, Havana, 423 pp. [in Spanish].
  • Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder (eds.). 2005. Mammal species of the World: a taxonomic and geographic reference, 3rd edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 2142 pp.
  • Wilson, K., O. N. Bjornstad, A. P. Dobson, S. Merler, G. Poglayen, S. E. Randolph, A. F. Read, and A. Skorping. 2002. Heterogeneities in macroparasite infections: patterns and processes. Pp. 6-44, in The ecology of wildlife diseases (P. J. Hudson, A. Rizzoli, B. T. Grenfell, H. Heesterbeek, and A. P. Dobson, eds.). Oxford University Press, New York, 197 pp.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-036d87ad-ee43-4335-8ca7-c139e75345d3
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