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2018 | 18 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Effect of wood ash, river sand, mineral oil and dry pepper (Capsicum spp) dust on the population of Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky, 1855) (maize weevil) in maize grain storage

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
An experiment to evaluate the effect of wood ash, river sand, mineral oil and dry pepper (Capcium spp) dust on the population (control) of Sitophilus zeamais (Motschulsky, 1855) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (maize weevil) was conducted. The experiment was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of five (5) treatments; 0g, 5g river sand, 5g dry pepper dust, 5g wood ash and 5g mineral oil. All treatment were replicated three times. Data were taken on the number of population of Sitophilus zeamais emerging from individual treatments. Herein, weight loss on grain maize was taken for S. zeamais infestation. The effect of the various treatments on maize seed with S. zeamais was not significant (P>0.05), although the highest population numbers of the weevil was recorded in the control (0g). Zero population of S. zeamais was recorded in wood ash treatment at 5g, which significantly (P<0.05) protected the grains over the control. Significant (higher) weight loss was recorded in the control since no treatment was applied. All treatments except the control indicate the potential of reducing (controlling) weevil numbers. Data obtained in these experiments reveal that wood ash, pepper dust and river sand produced the most protective/control effect on the population of the weevil over the control. Result of the study show that river sand, pepper dust, wood ash and mineral oil (vegetable oil) performed positively, and hence, exert protectant properties on maize grains.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
18
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.241-251,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Crop and Soil Science Unit, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Cross River University of Technology, Nigeria
autor
  • Crop Science Unit,Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Cross River University of Technology, Nigeria
autor
  • Crop and Soil Science Unit, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Cross River University of Technology, Nigeria
autor
  • Crop Science Unit,Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Cross River University of Technology, Nigeria
autor
  • Administrative/Field Unit, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Cross River University of Technology, Nigeria
Bibliografia
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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