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2018 | 37 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Antybioza i tolerancja jako mechanizmy obronne pszenżyta jarego w stosunku do mszycy zbożowej (Sitobion avenae F.)

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
EN
Antibiosis and tolerance main defence mechanisms of spring triticale against the grain aphid (Sitobion avenae F.)
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
It was confirmed during laboratory tests that two cultivars of spring triticale (Kargo and Migo) developed the highest level of antibiosis against Sitobion avenae, whereas the lowest one was found for Gabo seedlings. Values of daily fecundity (DF) and intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm) were significantly higher for aphids developed on the susceptible cultivar Gabo. Field experiments have shown that cultivars with lower level of antibiosis (Gabo and Mieszko) evolved a stronger ability to recovery of plant injuries and reduction of yield loss caused by the grain aphid. On the other hand, we have found lack differences in density of S. avenae migrantes on the tested cultivars. Thus, these results demonstrate that plants of spring triticale develop two mechanisms of resistance against aphids: antibiosis and tolerance.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
37
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
s.69-80,rys.,wykr.,bibliogr.
Twórcy
  • Katedra Biochemii i Biologii Molekularnej, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczo-Humanistyczny w Siedlcach, ul.B.Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce
  • Katedra Biochemii i Biologii Molekularnej, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczo-Humanistyczny w Siedlcach, ul.B.Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce
  • Katedra Biochemii i Biologii Molekularnej, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczo-Humanistyczny w Siedlcach, ul.B.Prusa 14, 08-110 Siedlce
Bibliografia
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  • CHRZANOWSKI G. 2013: Porównanie indukowanych mechanizmów obronnych pszenżyta ozimego wywołanych żerowaniem mszycy zbożowej (Sitobion avenae F.) i skrzypionki zbożowej (Oulema melanopus L.). Rozprawa Naukowa Nr 122. Wyd. UPH w Siedlcach. 120 ss.
  • CIEPIELA A.P., SEMPRUCH C., SPRAWKA I., CHRZANOWSKI G. 1999: Evaluation of antibiotic properties and tolerance of winter triticale cultivars to grain aphid in Central-Eastern Poland. Aphids and Other Homopterous Insects, 7: 187-193.
  • CIEPIELA A.P., CHRZANOWSKI G., CHOŁUJ A. 2001: The level of selected pigments in the spring triticale as an indicator of antixenosis against the grain aphid (Sitobion aveane F., Homoptera: Aphididae). Aphids and Other Homopterous Insects, 8: 239-244.
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  • KALOSHIAN I., KINSEY M.G., WILLIAMSON V.M., ULLMAN D.E. 2000: Mi-mediated resistance against the potato aphid Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Hemiptera: Aphididae) limits sieve element ingestion. Environmental Entomology, 29 (4): 690-695.
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  • PEÑA R.J. 2004: Food uses triticale (ss. 37-48). [ W:] M. M ergoum i H . Gomez-Macpherson (red.): Triticale improvement and production. FAO Plant Production and Protection 179. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS, Rzym, 172 ss.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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