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2013 | 48 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Consequences of experimental changes in the rearing conditions of Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus and Great Tit Parus major nestlings

Warianty tytułu
PL
Skutki eksperymentalnych zmian w środowisku rozwoju dla piskląt sikory modrej i bogatki
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Physiological functions of growing nestlings are thought to be traded-off in relation to rearing conditions, with the resulting physiological state of fledglings having important long-lasting consequences for their fitness. By manipulating brood size up and down, and, separately, by supplying additional food (mealworms — larvae of Tenebrio molitor) we tested if alterations of the rearing conditions would influence nestling performance in Blue Tits Cyanistes caeruleus and Great Tits Parus major. Brood size manipulation affected body mass, heterophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (H:L) and fledging probability in both species and the level of triglycerides in nestling Great Tits. Extra food supply influenced only fledging probability, with no other effect on indicators of nestling performance. An effect on nestling body mass and a lack of effect on cell-mediated immune response in the brood-size experiment suggest that nestlings in enlarged broods sacrificed growth to maintain immunity. In general, effects of both types of experiments were probably to some extent masked by specific character of the study site — an urban parkland with high human-induced disturbance.
PL
Różne funkcje fizjologiczne rosnących piskląt są wzajemnie powiązane w zintegrowany system, w którym istnieją sprzężenia kompromisowe wyrażające się różnym nasileniem w zależności od warunków, w jakich zachodzi rozwój. Kształtujący się ostatecznie stan fizjologiczny podlotów ma długoterminowe konsekwencje dla dostosowania osobniczego. W pracy podjęliśmy próbę testowania wpływu, jaki na różne wskaźniki kondycji piskląt sikor modrych i bogatek mają eksperymentalne zmiany warunków ich wzrostu. Manipulacje polegały na zmianie liczby piskląt w gnieździe i, osobno, na dostarczaniu dodatkowego pokarmu dostępnego dla karmiących osobników dorosłych (larwy Tenebrio molitor). Manipulacja liczbą piskląt powodowała polepszenie warunków wzrostu w lęgach pomniejszonych o 2 pisklęta, pogorszenie warunków w lęgach powiększonych o 2 pisklęta i stan neutralny w lęgach kontrolnych. Dostarczanie dodatkowego pokarmu w założeniu miało ułatwiać osobnikom rodzicielskim przejście przez bardzo wymagający okres karmienia. W obu eksperymentach badanymi zmiennymi zależnymi były różne cechy 13-14- dniowych piskląt: masa ciała, stężenia hemoglobiny, glukozy i trój glicerydów w krwi, opuchlizna patagium wywołana nastrzyknięciem fitohemaglutyniną, hematokryt, stosunek liczby heterofili do limfocytów oraz sukces lęgowy. Manipulacja liczbą piskląt wywierała istotny wpływ na masę ciała, stosunek heterofili do limfocytów i sukces wylotu u obu gatunków oraz na stężenie trój glicerydów u piskląt bogatki (Fig. 1, Tab. 1). Dodatkowy pokarm wpłynął jedynie na sukces wylotu piskląt (Tab. 2). Wyniki wskazują, że zmiany warunków wychowywania piskląt powodują pewne zmiany we wskaźnikach kondycji piskląt, ale w odniesieniu do cech fizjologicznych, zmiany te nie są konsekwentne. Wskazuje to na ogromne znaczenie ogólnego kontekstu ekologicznego eksperymentów, który może się w wielkim stopniu różnić między latami.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Czasopismo
Rocznik
Tom
48
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.129-139,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Department of Experimental Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Museum of Natural History, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Kilinskiego 101, 90-011 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Department of Experimental Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Department of Teacher Training and Biological Diversity Studies, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Banacha 1/3, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Department of Experimental Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Department of Experimental Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Museum of Natural History, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Kilinskiego 101, 90-011 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Museum of Natural History, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Kilinskiego 101, 90-011 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Department of Experimental Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
  • Department of Experimental Zoology and Evolutionary Biology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
autor
  • Department of Ecology and Vertebrate Zoology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, Banacha 12/16, 90-237 Lodz, Poland
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Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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