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Ammonia emissions from non-agricultural sources

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
Global ammonia (NH₃) gas emissions to the atmosphere, without oceanic sources, was estimated at 44 million tons N-NH₃·y⁻¹, which is less than 57 million t N-NH₃·y⁻¹ returning to the earth’s surface with atmospheric depositions. It is generally maintained that the major sources of these emissions are agricultural activities, responsible for about 75% of emissions. Although in most inventories the non-agricultural sources are generally not considered, and only agriculture is blamed. The non-agricultural sources comprise human food consumption and waste, natural vegetation, wild animals, biomass and fuel burning, mobile sources, industry, and other technical activities.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
22
Numer
1
Opis fizyczny
p.63-70,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • Institute for Technology and Life Science at Falenty, 05-090 Raszyn, Poland
Bibliografia
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  • 35. GAUDIOSO D., TROZZI C., VACCARO R. Preliminary estimate of ammonia emissions in Italy. In: Klaassen, G. (Ed.), Ammonia Emissions in Europe: Emission coefficients and abatement costs. IIASA, CP-92-4, Laxenburg, Austria, pp., 147-158, 1992.
  • 36. ALLEMAND N. Tentative emission inventory of NH₃ in France in 1985. In: Ammonia emissions in Europa: Emission coefficients and abatement costs. Proceedings of a Workshop held 4-6 February at IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria. CP-92-04 September 1992, 127-134, 1992.
  • 37. COE D.L., MAIN H.H., CHINKIN L. R., LOOMIS C., WILKINSON J. Review of current methodologies for estimating ammonia emissions – Draft Final Report, STI95310-1580-DFR. Prepared for: California Air Resources Board, Sacramento, CA. p. 1.1-11.1, 1996.
  • 38. BATTYE W., ANEJA V.P., ROELLE P.A. Evaluation and improvement of ammonia emissions inventories. Atmos. Environ. 37, 3873, 2003.
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  • 42. SAYLOR R. D., EDGERTON E. S., HARTSELL B. E., BAUMANN K., HANSEN T. The introduction of catalyst have much increased ammonia emissions, approximately up to 138 in USA. Science Blog. Copyright© 2004, http://www.scienceblog.com/community.
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  • 45. HUTCHINGS N.J., SOMMER S.G., ANDERSEN J.M., ASMAN W.A.H. A detailed ammonia emission inventory for Denmark, Atmos. Environ. 35, 1959, 2001.
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  • 48. Atmospheric ammonia. Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts. Sutton M.A., Reis S., Baker S.M.H. Eds. Springer, pp. 1-464, 2009.
  • 49. Ammonia emissions in Europa: Emission coefficients and abatement costs. Proceedings of a Workshop held 4-6 February at IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria. CP-92-04 September 1992, pp. 3-288, 1992.
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Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
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Identyfikator YADDA
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