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2015 | 24 | 2 |
Tytuł artykułu

Past and future trends of wastewater treatment in Beijing

Autorzy
Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
Języki publikacji
EN
Abstrakty
EN
An analysis is made on the past and future trends of wastewater treatment in Beijing. Over the past several decades, great efforts have been made by Beijing to improve the urban wastewater treatment technology, reclaim municipal wastewater, and promote water reclamation and reuse. Until now, the utilization volume of reclaimed water has been increasing continuously. Generally, there are four categories of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in Beijing. And the most mainstream wastewater treatment method in Beijing is aerobic biological process, thereinto the advanced treatment methods of WWTPs, including membrane bioreactor (MBR), biological aerated filter (BAF), and chemical oxidation. However, both the existing conventional and advanced treatment processes mainly aim at the remediation of COD, ammonia nitrogen, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and other conventional organic pollutants. Micro pollutants such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are not considered in the design of WWTPs. The treatment and disposal issues of sludge have become an important agenda item for Beijing’s municipal government. In the future, the priority technologies for wastewater treatment in Beijing should have the features of high efficiency and stability, and lower energy consumption, and operational cost. Suitable small-scale technologies are necessary for rural areas. The existing wastewater treatment facilities must be strengthened and improved to reduce the micro-pollutants in wastewater.
Słowa kluczowe
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
24
Numer
2
Opis fizyczny
p.917-921,fig.,ref.
Twórcy
autor
  • China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing
autor
  • China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing
autor
  • China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing
Bibliografia
  • 1. Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau. Beijing Environmental Statement 2012, Beijing, 2013.
  • 2. Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics and Beijing Survey Organization of the National Bureau of Statistics of China. Beijing Statistical Yearbook 2011. China Statistics Press, Beijing, 2011.
  • 3. BAKOPOULOU S., EMMANOUIL C., KUNGOLOS A. Assessment of wastewater effluent quality in Thessaly region, Greece, for determining its irrigation reuse potential.Ecotox. Environ. Safe., 74, 188, 2011.
  • 4. ALTURKI A. A., TADKAEW N., MCDONALD J. A., KHAN S. J., PRICE W. E., NGHIEM L. D. Combining MBR and NF/RO membrane filtration for the removal of trace organics in indirect potable water reuse applications. J. Membrane Sci., 365, 206, 2010.
  • 5. ZHANG C. H., NING K., ZHANG W. W., GUO Y. J., CHEN J., LIANG C. Determination and removal of antibiotics in secondary effluent using a horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland. Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, 15, 709, 2013.
  • 6. ZHANG C. H., HE X. W. Decentralized sewage remediation in drinking water source protection zones of rural areas in Beijing, Proceedings of 2009 Beijing International Environmental Technology Conference, pp. 364-368, 2009.
  • 7. LI W. Q., ZHANG J. Thought on utilization and development of reclaimed water in Beijing, Beijing Water, 3, 26, 2011.
  • 8. HAN B., WANG X.K., OUYANG Z. Y. Study on characterization of urban runoff pollution in Beijing. Environmental Monitoring in China 21, 19, 2005.
  • 9. YANG L. L., WANG C. Z., YANG S. M. Study on sewage treatment systems of Beijing rural area, Journal of Beijing Agricultural Vocation College, 24, 39, 2010.
  • 10. WANG Q. Y. Present situation and prospect on rural sewage treatment in China. Pollution Control Technology. 20, 37, 2007.
  • 11. WANG J., LU Z. W., TIAN S. Existing State and Development of Sludgy Researches in Domestic and Foreign, Municipal Engineering Technology, 24, 140, 2006.
  • 12. YI L. L., JIAO W. T., CHEN X. N., CHEN W. P. An overview of reclaimed water reuse in China. J. Environ. Sci., 23, 1585, 2011.
  • 13. CHANG D. H., MA Z. Wastewater reclamation and reuse in Beijing: Influence factors and policy implications, Desalination, 297, 72, 2012.
  • 14. ZHANG J. C., REN S. M. Discussion on method of sewage treatment in Beijing. Beijing Water, 5, 3, 2005.
  • 15. CONG X. H., ZHAO Y. F. Prospects of reclaimed water in Beijing urban areas. Water Res., 1, 10, 2009.
  • 16. ZHANG Y., GAO D., CHEN T. B., ZHENG G. D., LI Y. X. Economical evaluation of different techniques to treatment and dispose sewage sludge in Beijing. Ecology and Environment, 15, 234, 2006.
  • 17. BERTI W. R., JACOBS L. W. Distribution of trace elements in soil from repeated sewage sludge application. J. Environ. Qual., 27, 1280, 1998.
  • 18. BRIGHT D. A, HEALEY N. Contaminant risk from biosolids land application: contemporary organic cont.aminant levels in digested sewage sludge from five treatment plants in greater Vancouver, British Columbia. Environ. Pollut., 126: 39, 2003.
  • 19. DAI J. Y., XU M. Q., CHEN J. P., YANG X. P., KE Z. S. PCDD/F, PAH, and heavy metals in sewage sludge from six wastewater treatment plants in Beijing, China, Chemosphere, 66, 353, 2007.
  • 20. YU J., TIAN N. N., WANG K. J. Analysis and discussion of sludge disposal and treatment of sewage treatment plants in China, Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering, 1, 83, 2007.
  • 21. QIAN Y., WEN X., HUANG X. Development and application of some renovated technologies for municipal wastewater treatment in China, Chinese Frontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering in China, 1, 1, 2007.
  • 22. HE X. W., WANG H., ZHANG C. H., LIU L. Y., HOU S. P. Electrochemical removel of ammonia and total nitrogen in micro-polluted water using Ti/Ru electrodes, Fresen. Environ. Bull., 19, 972, 2010.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
bwmeta1.element.agro-016d426c-078a-4e75-b9a1-bc3f7b3a4ec0
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