Back pain is a common health problem. Natural degenerative processes reduce its strength, causing symptoms of sciatica, numbness, paraesthesia with muscle weakness and sensory surface, leading to muscle atrophy, inclusive. Degeneration of the intervertebral disc and hernia formation in the first place causing damage to the spinal cord and nerves and spinal facet joints and ligaments become a source of pain spondylogenic. In the case of advanced degenerative changes of the axial movement of the camera conservative treatment is sometimes ineffective, and the chronic nature of the disease and its neurological complications diminish the quality of life and often lead to disability. In order to reduce the time the patient recovers minimally invasive procedures are used, the effectiveness of which can sometimes vary depending on the location of the source of the pain. PURPOSE OF THE WORK is to present the possible neurological complications resulting from chronic spinal pain syndromes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were from the PubMed database of the last 20 years, presented in a descriptive analysis. CONCLUSIONS: lower back pain make a huge therapeutic difficulties.