Two new species of oribatid mites of the subgenus Austrocarabodes (Uluguroides), A. (U.) arboreus sp. nov. and A (U.) aethiopicus sp. nov., are described from Ethiopia. The former species was obtained in mosses on trees from Cholomu Forest (10 km to the south from Ginchi city); the second species was obtained from soil from Harenna Forest (Bale Mountains National Park). Both new species differ from all known species of the subgenus by presence of eight to nine pairs of genital setae (five-six in other species). A diagnostic key to African species of Austrocarabodes (Uluguroides) is presented.