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2018 | 74 | 08 |
Tytuł artykułu

Pasożyty jelitowe u cieląt z małych i średnich gospodarstw w południowo-wschodniej Polsce

Treść / Zawartość
Warianty tytułu
EN
Gastrointestinal parasites in calves in small and middle-sized farms of South-East Poland
Języki publikacji
PL
Abstrakty
EN
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and invasion intensity of gastrointestinal parasites in calves from small and middle-sized farms, with a special focus on invasions of chosen protozoa. The analysis included 150 calves from 2 weeks to 5 months of age. The calves came from 30 individual farms with up to 50 cattle managed in a confined system or confined-pasture system. Three types of farms were established: I: up to 20 heads; II: up to 30 heads, and III: up to 50 heads. The feces samples for the analyses were collected directly from the rectum. Each sample was tested using macroscopic and microscopic methods (the McMaster technique, the standard flotation method and the sedimentation method according to Żarnowski and Josztowa). The numbers of oocysts/cysts/eggs per 1 gram of feces (OPG/CPG/EPG) were established. The feces of 94 calves no older than 8 weeks which exhibited traits of diarrhea were analyzed with Bio-X Cryptosporidium parvum Elisa Kit (Kit for antigenic diagnosis of Cryptosporidium parvum by Elisa in bovine feces). The results were subjected to statistical analysis using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The total prevalence of parasites in all groups was 35.33%. The dominating invasion (26%) was with protozoa belonging to Eimeria (most commonly E. bovis, E. zuerni and E. aubernensis). This was followed by Buxtonella sulcata (6.67%), Cryptosporidium parvum (7.45%; Elisa test), Strongyloides papillosus (4.67%) and gastrointestinal nematodes (2.67%). The fewest calves infected with parasites were in Group I, where only the invasions of protozoa were detected. The parasitic infection rates for group II and III were twice and thrice higher, respectively, than for group I. In Groups II and III, nematodes were found apart from protozoa. In all three groups the dominating invasion was Eimeria spp. (Group I: 20%, II: 24%, III: 34%). The prevalence for B. sulcata, S. papillosus, and gastrointestinal nematodes in the groups was as follows: Group I – 2; 0; 0%; Group II – 8; 8; 0%; Group III – 10; 6; 8%, respectively. In the calves aged up to eleven weeks of life, the dominating invasions were Eimeria spp., Cryptosporidium parvum and S. papillosus, while in the calves of 4-5 months of age, B. sulcata and gastrointestinal nematodes prevailed. The average invasion intensities were as follows: Eimeria spp.: 24414 OPG, B. sulcata: 78 CPG, S. papillosus: 86 EPG, and gastrointestinal nematodes: 138 EPG. In the groups, the results were the following: Eimeria spp.: 94,512 (550-414,000); 271 (100-600); 222 (50-500) OPG., B. sulcata 50; 75 (50-100); 70 (50-100) CPG; S. papillosus 0; 75 (50-100); 90 (50-150) and gastrointestinal nematodes: 0; 0; 138 (50-250) EPG. In the calves from all groups, the dominating invasions were caused by parasites belonging to one taxon (genus), they constituted 90%, 80% and 89%, respectively. The statistical analysis did not reveal statistically significant differences between the management system and invasion intensity of Eimeria spp.
Wydawca
-
Rocznik
Tom
74
Numer
08
Opis fizyczny
s.520-525,rys.,tab.,bibliogr.
Twórcy
  • Zakład Parazytologii i Chorób Inwazyjnych, Wydział Medycyny Weterynaryjnej, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 12, 20-950 Lublin
autor
  • Zakład Genetyki Klinicznej, I Wydział Lekarski, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie, ul.Radziwiłłowska 11, 20-080 Lublin
  • Zakład Parazytologii i Chorób Inwazyjnych, Wydział Medycyny Weterynaryjnej, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 12, 20-950 Lublin
  • Zakład Parazytologii i Chorób Inwazyjnych, Wydział Medycyny Weterynaryjnej, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 12, 20-950 Lublin
  • Zakład Parazytologii i Chorób Inwazyjnych, Wydział Medycyny Weterynaryjnej, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 12, 20-950 Lublin
autor
  • Instytut Hodowli Zwierząt i Ochrony Bioróżnorodności, Wydział Biologii, Nauk o Zwierzętach i Biogospodarki, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 13, 20-950 Lublin
autor
  • Zakład Parazytologii i Chorób Inwazyjnych, Wydział Medycyny Weterynaryjnej, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie, ul.Akademicka 12, 20-950 Lublin
Bibliografia
  • Al-Mawly J., Grinberg A., Prattley D., Moffat J., Marshall J., French N.: Risk factors for neonatal calf diarrhoea and enteropathogen shedding in New Zealand dairy farms. Vet. J. 2015, 203, 155-160.
  • Al-Saffar T. M., Suliman E. G., Al-Bakrii H. S.: Prevalence of intestinal ciliate Buxtonella sulcata in cattle in Mosul. Iraqi J. Vet. Sci. 2010, 24, 27-30.
  • Al-Zubaidi M. T., Al-Mayah K. Sh.: Prevalence of Buxtonella sulcata in neonatal and young calves in Al.-Nasir station and some regions in Baghdad (Al-Shuala and Gazaliya). Iraqi J. Sci. 2011, 52, 420-424.
  • Anderson R. C.: Nematode Parasites of Vertebrates. Their Development and Transmission. CABI Publishing, Wallingford 2006.
  • Autzen S., Maddox-Hyttel C., Virge H., Monrad J.: Infection with Eimeria species in calves – evaluation of risk factors and association between diarrhea and oocyst excretion. DVT 2002, 85, 6-10.
  • Bangoura B., Mundt H. Ch., Schmäschke R., Westphal B., Daugschies A.: Prevalence of Eimeria bovis and Eimeria zuernii in German cattle herds and factors influencing oocyst excretion. Parasitol. Res. 2011, 109, 129-138.
  • Bartels Ch. J. M., Holzhauer M., Jorritsma R., Swart W. A. J. M., Lam T. J. G. M.: Prevalence, prediction and risk factors of enteropathogens In normal and non-normal faeces of Young Dutch dairy calves. Prev. Vet. Med. 2010, 93, 162-169.
  • Constable P. D.: Treatment of calf diarrhea: antimicrobial and ancillary treatment. Vet. Clin. Food Anim. 2009, 25, 101-120.
  • Daniels M. E., Shrivastava A., Smith W. A., Sahu P., Odagiri M., Misra P. R., Panigrahi P., Suar M., Clasen T., Jenkins M. W.: Cryptosporidium and Giardia in Humans, Domestic Animals, and Village Water Sources in Rural India. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 2015, 93, 596-600.
  • Enemark H. L., Dahl J., Dehn Enemark J. M.: Eimeriosis in Danish dairy calves correlation between species, oocyst excretion and diarrhoea. Parasitol. Res. 2013, 112, 169-176.
  • Gundłach J. L., Sadzikowski A. B.: Diagnostyka i zwalczanie inwazji pasożytów u zwierząt. Wydawnictwo AR, Lublin 1992.
  • Gundłach J. L., Sadzikowski A. B., Stepień-Rukasz H., Studzińska M. B., Tomczuk K.: Comparison of some serological methods and coproscopic examinations for diagnosis of Giardia spp. invasion in dogs. Pol. J. Vet. Sci. 2005, 8, 137-140.
  • Gül A., Çiçek M., Kilinç Ö.: Prevalence of Eimeria spp., Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia spp. in calves in the Van province. Türkiye Parazitol. Derg. 2008, 32, 202-204.
  • Jäger M., Gauly M., Bauer C., Failing K., Erhardt G., Zahner H.: Endoparasites in calves of beef cattle herds: management systems dependent and genetic influences. Vet. Parasitol. 2005, 131, 173-191.
  • Jelinski M., GillearJ., Rocheleau L., Royan G., Waldner Ch.: Epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematode infections in grazing yearling beef cattle in Saskatchewan. Can. Vet. J. 2017, 58, 1044-1050.
  • Kaupke A., Rzeżutka A.: Emergence of novel subtypes of Cryptosporidium parvum in calces in Poland. Parasitol. Res. 2015, 114, 4709-4716.
  • Klockiewicz M., Kaba J., Tomczuk., Janecka E., Sadzikowski A. B., Rypuła K., Studzińska M., Małecki-Tepicht J.: The epidemiology of calf coccidiosis (Eimeria spp.) in Poland. Parasitol. Res. 2007, 101, 121-128.
  • Koutny H., Joachim A., Tichy A., Baumgartner W.: Bovine Eimeria species in Austria. Parasitol. Res. 2012, 110, 1893-1901.
  • Lassen B., Viltrop A., Raaperi K., Järvis T.: Eimeria and Cryptosporidium in Estonian dairy farms in regard to age species, and diarrhoea. Vet. Parasitol. 2009, 166, 212-219.
  • Pilarczyk B., Balicka-Ramisz A., Ramisz A.: Występowanie Cryptosporidium sp. u cieląt pochodzących od krów importowanych jako jałowice cielne z Holandii. Med. Weter. 2003, 59, 1135-1136.
  • Pilarczyk B., Ramisz A., Jastrzębski G.: Pasożyty wewnętrzne bydła w wybranych gospodarstwach Pomorza Zachodniego. Wiad. Parazytol. 2002, 48, 383-390.
  • Tomczuk K., Grzybek M., Szczepaniak K., Studzińska M., Demkowska-Kutrzepa M., Roczeń-Karczmarz M., Klockiewicz M.: Analysis of intrinsic and extrinsic factors influencing the dynamics of bovine Eimeria spp. from central-eastern Poland. Vet. Parasitol. 2015, 214, 22-28.
  • Tomczuk K., Kurek Ł., Stec A., Studzińska M., Mochol J.: Incidence and clinical aspects of colon ciliate Buxtonella sulcata infection in cattle. Bull. Vet. Inst. Pulawy 2005, 49, 29-33.
  • Wymann M. N., Traore K., Bonfoh B., Tembely S., Tembely S., Zinsstag J.: Gastrointestinal parasite egg excretion in young calves in periurban livestock production in Mali. Res. Vet. Sci. 2008, 84, 225-231.
Typ dokumentu
Bibliografia
Identyfikatory
Identyfikator YADDA
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